Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

Pierce County, State Continue To See Spike in Whooping Cough Cases
University Place Patch (WA) (April 24, 2012)

Microbiologist Irving Millman, 88, Helped develop Hepatitis B Vaccine
Washington Post
(April 25, 2012)

Michael Belkin's Anti-Vaccine Music Video Goes 'Viral' Despite Worst Whooping Cough Epidemic in 60 Years The Daily Weekly (April 25, 2012)

Life Doesn't Stop when You Get Sick at College
Madison County Courier (NY)(April 26, 2012)

Maricopa County Infant Dies of Whooping Cough
My Fox Phoenix (April 26, 2012)

Health Care Workers have Ethical Responsibility to Protect Their Patients from Preventable Infectious Diseases The Berkley Blog (CA) (April 28, 2012)

Senate Panel Approves Bill on Health Care Worker Flu Vaccination
California Healthline (April 30, 2012)


'Seattle Mama Doc' Receives CDC Childhood Immunization Champion Award
Washington State Department of Health (May 1, 2012)  


Hepatitis C a Latent Legacy of Baby Boomers' Youth
Los Angeles Times (May 2, 2012)   


Montana Pertussis Outbreaks Continue; Lewis and Clark County has Seen 17 Cases in 2012 Helena Independent Record (MT) (May 2, 2012)  


Whooping Cough: State Frees Emergency Money 

The Seattle Times (May 3, 2012)      


CA Lab Revisits Safety Steps After Researcher Dies 

Associated Press (CA) (May 3, 2012)  


Ravalli County Has 38 Pertussis Cases, Vaccinations Increase In Missoula   

NBC Montana (May 4, 2012)  


Herd At Risk

The Economist (May 5, 2012)  


Vermont Lawmakers Keep Exemption for Vaccinations, Nix Union Agency Fees, Adjourn for Year Associated Press (May 5, 2012)   


Hundred of Children Still without Vaccines 

The Times-Tribune (PA) (May 5, 2012) 


Meningococcal Vax Good Against Group B Strains  

Medpage Today (May 6, 2012)   


Video: New Statistics Show Number of Unvaccinated Kids Increasing 

KATU (OR) (May 7, 2012) 


Possible Hepatitis A Exposure Leads Health Department to Offer Vaccinations

Evansville Courier and Press (IN) (May 10, 2012)    


Vaccine Storage and Handling Guide  

The National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases has released the updated Vaccine Storage and Handling Guide (formerly Vaccine Management). It is a comprehensive and authoritative document on storage and handling guidelines for specific vaccines (including combination vaccines). Available in this document are guidelines on vaccine-specific shipping requirements; arrival conditions; storage requirements; and information on shelf life, preparation, and special instructions.


CDC Launches New Norovirus Website

Local health department (LHDs) staff can stay up-to-date on norovirus and learn about the illness including symptons, how it spreads, and prevention measures.  


CDC and Medscape Videos

This special series of commentaries on various public health topics is part of a collaboration between CDC and Medscape. It is designed to deliver CDC's authoritative guidance directly to Medscape's physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals.


CDC Vaccine Information Statements Update

Updated measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine information statements(VIS) have recently been updated and are now available. Local health departments and providers should begin using the new editions immediately but, may use existing stores of MMR VIS, since there are no major changes. 


Tracking Influenza Disease in the U.S.
CDC tracks influenza diagnoses across the country throughout influenza season, which typically last from October until April in the United States. The map shows levels of influenza activity by state and may help inform travelers about influenza illness at their destinations.  


New HPV Resources
The Vaccine Education Center's new resource dedicated to providing complete, up-to-date and reliable information about human papillomavirus (HPV) and the HPV vaccine. The resource includes videos of people discussing the HPV vaccine, provides an opportunity to ask questions, and offers a dedicated section for answers to your questions and those asked by others and can be emailed or shared through social media.


Polio Resources 

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) aims to eliminate all cases of polio around the world through collaborations between numerous organizations from both the public and private sectors. On the GPEI website, visitors can monitor the progress of the initiative by viewing weekly reports and interactive maps.  


The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Fútbol Club Barcelona have partnered in a campaign to provide momentum to the final efforts to eradicate polio worldwide. Using the theme, 'More than a goal. End Polio', the campaign has promotional videos and graphics and includes a Facebook page where others can join their efforts.


The End of Polio campaign is also dedicated to supporting final efforts toward polio eradication. The focus of this campaign is funding and policy. The website offers a

petition that visitors can sign to show their support for polio eradication. Follow the campaign on Twitter using #endofpolio.


CDC's Position Statement on Single-dose & Single-use Vials

In response to recent concerns about drug shortages and increasing medical costs resulting from restriction of single-dose/single-use vials to only one patient, CDC has issued a position statement restating its long-standing position on Single-dose & Single-use Vials.


May is Hepatitis Awareness Month

During the month of May, CDC's Division of Viral Hepatitis (DVH) will be observing Hepatitis Awareness Month and the first ever national Hepatitis Testing Day on May 19, 2012. Buttons, badges, and banners are ready to download and use on emails and websites. Other resources include a Hepatitis Risk Assessment, a Hepatitis B poster, free testing fact sheets, and a downloadable materials inventory.


New Tools Added to the NACCHO Adult Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Vaccination Implementation Guide

New tools and resources have been added as of May 11, 2012 and each month at least five new tools will be added to assist LHDs and their partners administer HBV vaccine to high-risk adults through new services or through program/service integration.


NACCHO Immunization Videos Page
NACCHO has gathered
videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.


Get Involved

Submit Comments to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services' (HHS') National Action Plan to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs)   

HHS is seeking comments on three draft chapters released in April 2012 for the HAI Action Plan. These chapters address ambulatory surgical centers, end-stage renal disease facilities, and influenza vaccination of healthcare personnel (HCP).  


These issues can affect communicable disease prevention and control efforts at local health departments (LHDs). For example, LHDs have been involved in responding to healthcare-associated hepatitis B and C outbreaks in outpatient settings, such as ambulatory care centers. LHDs have also supported policies and implemented activities to improve influenza vaccination rates among HCP. For more information about HAIs, visit CDC's and NACCHO's websites.  


NACCHO is compiling comments on behalf of LHDs. Submit your comments to by June 15.  

Apply for the Roadmaps to Health Prize 

The Roadmaps to Health Prize is a place-based prize that will honor whole communities (rather than individuals or individual organizations). All U.S. communities are eligible to apply. For the purposes of the prize, "communities" are defined as towns, cities, counties, regions (such as contiguous towns, cities, or counties), tribes, and tribal communities. Up to six winners will each receive a $25,000 cash award and their success stories will be celebrated and shared broadly with the goal of raising awareness and inspiring locally-driven change across the country. Notices of intent to apply are due May 31, 2012, and completed applications are due June 7, 2012. Find the application here.       


CDC's Public Health Grand Rounds: The Growing Threat of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea Webinar

The development of antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a growing concern for communicable disease prevention and control efforts in LHDs. Learn more about the public health context and challenges of multi-drug resistant gonorrhea, tools to combat it, and what public health can do now and in the future to address this issue. CDC will host this free webinar on Tuesday, May 15, 2012 from 1:00 to 2:00 PM EDT.  


Light Up the Map on Viral Hepatitis Testing Day!

CDC is planning the first ever National Hepatitis Testing Day on May 19, 2012, to commemorate Hepatitis Awareness Month. They have developed a web-based map where you can upload your testing day events. CDC is also developing educational materials to support testing activities, including a new online risk assessment tool.  


Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Meeting: June 20-21, 2012

The next ACIP meeting will be held June 20-21, 2012, in Atlanta, Georgia. Please visit the ACIP meeting web page for archived presentation slides, meeting minutes, and additional information.    


Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Course

This self-study program provides information on case investigation, outbreak control, disease reporting, and case notification for vaccine-preventable diseases. The course discusses the epidemiologically important data that should be collected during case investigations and presents methods for enhancing surveillance. The course provides current surveillance guidance for HPV, measles, rotavirus, mumps, varicella, hepatitis B, pneumococcal disease, Haemophilus influenzae, pertussis, and meningococcal disease. The course is now available in web-on-demand format and DVD format.   


Meningitis Angels' "I Took the Shot Photo Contest"   

I Took the SHOT photo contest is a great way to increase teen immunization rates for meningitis around the United States. Entries are accepted until December 14, 2012, and the winning drawing will occur on December 15, 2012. Individuals submitting vaccination photos, can be eligible to win a 4G i-Pad, a digital camera, or a $100 gift card.


Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits

NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide local health departments (LHDs) with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs.



Effect of a Text Messaging Intervention on Influenza Vaccination in an Urban, Low-Income Pediatric and Adolescent Population: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Stockwell MS, Kharbanda EO, Martinez RA, Vargas CY, Vawdrey DK, Camargo S. JAMA. 2012 Apr 25; 307(16):1702-8.  


Safety of Zoster Vaccine in Adults from a Large Managed-Care Cohort: A Vaccine Safety Datalink Study 

Tseng HF, Liu A, Sy L, Marcy SM, Fireman B, Weintraub E, Baggs J, Weinmann S, Baxter R, Nordin J, Daley MF, Jackson L, Jacobsen SJ. J Intern Dis. 2012 May; 271(5):510-520. 


Infectious Disease  


Comparison of Meningococcal Disease Surveillance Systems - United States, 2005-2008 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 May 4; 61(17):306-08.  


Dengue Deaths in Puerto Rico: Lessons Learned from the 2007 Epidemic 

Tomashek KM, Gregory CJ, Sanchez AR, Bartek MA, Garcia Rivera EJ, Hunsperger E, Munoz-Jordan JL, Sun W. PLoS Neglected Trop Dis. 2012 Apr; 6(4). 


Experimental Adaptation of an Influenza H5 HA Confers Respiratory Droplet Transmission to a Reassortant H5 HA/H1N1 Virus in Ferrets 

Imai M, Watanabe, T, Hatta M, Das SC, Ozawa M, Shinya K, Zhong G, Hanson A, Katsura H, Watanabe S, Li C, Kawakami E, Yamada S, Kiso M, Suzuki Y, Maher EA, Neumann G, Kawaoka Y. Nature. 2012 May 2.


Hospitalizations Associated with Influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus in the United States, 1993-2008 

Hong Z, Thompson WW, Viboud CG, Ringholz CM, Cheng PY, Steiner C, Abedi GR, Anderson LJ, Brammer L, Shay DK. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Apr; 54(10): 1427-1436.


Patient Notification for Bloodborne Pathogen Testing due to Unsafe Injection Practices in the US Health Care Settings, 2001-2011 

Guh AY, Thompson ND, Schaefer MK, Patel PR, Perz JF. Med Care. 2012 Apr. 


Severe Coinfection with Seasonal Influenza A (H3N2) Virus and Staphylococcus Aureus - Maryland, February-March 2012 

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 Apr 27; 61(16):289-91.  

The mission of the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is to be a leader, partner, catalyst, and voice for local public health departments.


For additional information about NACCHO, visit