Immunization and Infectious Disease Update
National Association of County & City Health Officials
Information and Resources for Local Health Departments

Recent News

California Imposing Tougher Conditions on Cantaloupe Growers
Food Safety News (February 29, 2012)   


U.S. Seeks New Review of Easier-To-Spread Bird Flu
USA Today (March 1, 2012)   


First 4-in-1 Flu Vaccine Approved by FDA
TIME Healthland (March 1, 2012)   


Campylobacter Cases from Raw Milk Outbreak Reach 80
Food Safety News (March 1, 2012)    


Amateurs Are New Fear in Creating Mutant Virus

The New York Times (March 5, 2012) 


Let Both Moral Teachings and Vaccines Keep Children Healthy
The Billings Gazette (MT)(March 6, 2012) 


Using Conflicts of Interest to Try to Sow Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt about Vaccines
Respectful Insolence (March 6, 2012) 


Vaccine Packaging Technology

Offices across the country now have access to a new vaccine packaging technology that will capture more product information in a simple, two-dimensional (2D) scan, including lot numbers and expiration dates. The American Academy of Pediatrics has developed guidance to help practices use 2D barcoding with their electronic medical records or state immunization information system. Learn more.


Study: Hepatitis C, HIV Co-Infection Increases Neurocognitive Impairment, Risk of Death  

A study published recently in the Journal of Neurological Science found that the presence of hepatitis C virus co-infection among individuals also infected with HIV increased neurologic disease burden and the risk of death. The findings of this study underscore the importance of preventing and treating co-infection among the HIV-infected population. Read the study  here.


NACCHO Immunization Videos Page

NACCHO has gathered videos addressing vaccination into one convenient place. Watch short videos covering immunization issues, including influenza, pertussis, adolescent immunization, and personal stories about vaccine preventable diseases. Videos range from humorous to serious and target a variety of ages.

Get Involved

Save the Date! Spring MAPP Training

Are you interested in improving your community's health? Have you heard of Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP)? Join NACCHO at the Spring MAPP Training, held in Denver, CO April 2-4, 2012. Find out more by visiting our website, or contact with questions. 


National Public Health Week
National Public Health Week will be held April 2-8 this year. Is your health department planning any promotions or activities around this event? If so, please email Paul Etkind and share details of your event. 


Community Guide Contest 

Have you used The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) to address public health challenges in your community? The Public Health Foundation invites you to share your experience by entering the "I'm Your Community Guide!" Contest. Your stories will help to identify model practices for implementing the evidence-based strategies outlined in The Community Guide. The contest announcement is open until April 30. For more information or to provide us with a quick testimonial, contact us at

Submit a Tool to NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits

NACCHO's Immunization and Infectious Disease Toolkits are intended to provide local health departments (LHDs) with resources related to immunization and infectious disease prevention and control practices. Examples of tools include templates, guides, community resources and much more. Log in to submit your own resources to the Toolkit to share with other LHDs.

Bridging the gap between data and public health needs. In the heat of a signal: responding to a vaccine safety signal for febrile seizures after 2010-11 influenza vaccine in young children, United States
Broder KR, Martin DB, Vellozzi C. Vaccine. 2012 Mar 2;30(11):2032-4.   

Clostridium difficile infection in Ohio hospitals and nursing homes during 2006
Campbell RJ, Giljahn L, Machesky K, Cibulskas-White K, Lane LM, Porter K, Paulson JO, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009 Jun;30(6):526-33.   

Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults: 2010 update by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)
Cohen SH, Gerding DN, Johnson S, Kelly CP, Loo VG, McDonald LC, Pepin J, et al.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2010 May;31(5):431-55.  


Mandatory MRSA & MSSA bacteraemia, and Clostridium difficile infection data (up to July - September 2011)
Health Protection Agency. Q Epi Comment. 2012.    


Time interval of increased risk for Clostridium difficile infection after exposure to antibiotics
Hensgens MP, Goorhuis A, Dekkers OM, Kuijper EJ. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Mar;67(3):742-8.

Antivirals for treatment of influenza: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
Hsu J, Santesso N, Mustafa R, Brozek J, Chen YL, Hopkins JP, Cheung A, Hovhannisyan G, Ivanova L, Flottorp SA, Saeterdal I, Wong AD, Tian J, Uyeki TM, Akl EA, Alonso-Coello P, Smaill F, Schunemann HJ. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Feb 27.


Estimating age-specific influenza-related hospitalization rates during the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Davidson Co, TN
Jules A, Grijalva CG, Zhu Y, Talbot KH, Williams JV, Dupont WD, Edwards KM, Schaffner W, Shay DK, Griffin MR. Influenza Other Respi Viruses. 2012 Feb 2 


Febrile seizures after 2010-2011 influenza vaccine in young children, United States: A vaccine safety signal from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
Leroy Z, Broder K, Menschik D, Shimabukuro T, Martin D. Vaccine. 2012 Mar 2;30(11):2020-3.


Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in hospital stays, 2009
Lucado J, Gould C, Elixhauser A. HCUP Statistical Brief no. 124. 2012 Jan


Support for seasonal influenza vaccination requirements among US healthcare personnel
Maurer J, Harris KM, Black CL, Euler GL. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012 Mar;33(3):213-21.


Recommendations for surveillance of Clostridium difficile-associated disease
McDonald LC, Coignard B, Dubberke E, Song X, Horan T, Kutty PK. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Feb;28(2):140-5.  


Foodborne outbreaks of shigellosis in the USA, 1998-2008
Nygren BL, Schilling KA, Blanton EM, Silk BJ, Cole DJ, Mintz ED. Epidemiol Infect. 2012 Feb 24:1-9.


Adherence to expanded influenza immunization recommendations among primary care providers
O'Leary ST, Crane LA, Wortley P, Daley MF, Hurley LP, Dong F, Stokley S, Babbel CI, Seewald L, Gahm C, Dickinson LM, Kempe A. J Pediatr. 2012 Mar;160(3):480-486 e1.


NACCHO is the national organization representing local health departments.  NACCHO works to support efforts that protect and improve the health of all people and all communities by promoting national policy, developing resources and programs, seeking health equity and supporting effective local public health practice and systems.



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