Newsletter August SVConnections

In This Issue
* Zephyr Makes Unoffical World Record
* Super Batteries
* Better Bionic Eyes and Ears
* Solar Roof Tiles
* New Organic LED Plant
* Hot Electrons
* OSRAM Expands LED Manufacturing
* Top 50 Glaziers of 2009
* Planet Solar Boat
* Superinsulator Mystery Solved
* BPIV Organic Photovoltaics Cells
* Graphene Clears a Major Hurdle
* World's Most Efficient Solar Module


Veeco's new SOLUS™ DC Ion Source Controller features a state-of-the-art precision control system design providing reliable and stable power for ion source operation in all types of processes.  Integrated power modules and gas flow control with ratio capabilities allow for optimal ion source control and performance in the most demanding process environments.

To Learn More Visit:


Mustang Solar

Mustang Vacuum Systems ORION Roll to Roll Deposition Systems
Substrate: Up to 10,000 FT length, 1000 MM wide flexible substrates configured with 1-10 deposition sources for precision and speed.  Deposition zones are individually configurable for PVD sputter, evaporation, co evaporation and sublimation enabling the next generation of thin film technologies.

Learn More

Contact is via E-Mail:

Solid Sealing Technology

Solid Sealing Technology specializes in the design and manufacture of highly engineered hermetic products using metalizing, brazing, glass-ceramic sealing, welding, and critical assembly.  SST manufactures industry standard and custom designed Vacuum Feedthroughs, Coaxial Connectors, Multi-Pin Connectors, Thermocouples, and Isolators for high temperature, UHV, and high pressure applications.


Ph: 518-874-3600
Fax: 518-874-3610


  Turbopumps for High Performance and Reliability
Pfeiffer Vacuum HiPace turbopumps are available in pumping speeds from 10 to 3000 l/s.  They feature an advanced rotor design providing high gas throughput and exceptional compression for light gases. Innovative materials doubles rotor life, while a proven bearing design ensures reliability, even in the harshest coating applications. They offer a superior level of safety, including IP54 and SEMI S2 protection classes.
Learn More

Phone: 603-578-6500

Dual Stage Rotary Vane Pumps
VD Series of dual stage oil rotary vacuum pumps with direct-drive motors are designed for use in a broad range of applications. These lightweight compact pumps feature low noise with minimal vibration levels.  The VD series is available in pumping speeds from 600 l/min [36 m3/hr] to 800 l/min
[48 m3/hr] with an ultimate pressure of 0.67 Pa.

ULVAC Technologies, Inc.
Visit Us Online

Tel: 1-978-686-7550

Comdel's CV Series Delivers Stable Power for VHF Applications

Comdel CV series power supplies offer stable VHF power at frequencies from 30 to 80 MHz.  The CV series offers exceptional ease of operation with RS-232 and analog controls.  Synthesizer-driven, frequency agile configurations and DeviceNet are also available.  Ideal for use in VHF plasma systems, solar photovoltaic applications, CW and pulsed laser systems, and small geometry induction heating applications.

Learn More

11 Kondelin Road
Gloucester, MA 01930
Tel: 978-282-0620



Fax: 978-282-4980

Vacuum Research
Steel and Aluminum High Vacuum Poppet Valves

Aluminum, Stainless or Mild Steel Valves with flanges to match diffusion & Cryo pumps. Electroless nickel optional on steel valves. High conductance full opening port. Leak tested to better than 5 X 10-10 scc/sec. RoHS compliant and CE marked.
Phone: 800-426-9340


Filmetrics Thin-Film Thickness Measurement Systems

-Measure thickness from 1nm to 1mm

-Measure refractive index and other properties

-Used in thousands of applications worldwide

We offer the industry's only complete line of thin-film

measurement instruments. With our 24-hour online

"Hands On" support, expert help is only a minute away.



Dynavac's 1-meter Optical Coating System

is a cost-effective tool for producing high-quality precision optics. Its versatile design supports a wide range of process options including IAD, and the split-cylinder chamber provides easy maintenance while minimizing footprint. System interface and control is simple and supports download capability from most thin film design packages.
Telephone:  781-740-8600

RD Mathis

The R.D. Mathis Company specializes in the fabrication of high vacuum evaporation sources for thin film coating industries. We offer a comprehensive selection of tungsten, molybdenum and tantalum sources through our catalog and offer custom fabrication to meet your specific coating needs. Our "LV Series" Low Voltage, High Current Power Supplies and "GP 100" Inert Gas Purifier compliment your evaporation process.



EVA Optatec

Reduce your development time, improve your thin film process performance and cut your costs with Evatec's new "Optics Toolbox" - Seamless integration of thin film design software, layer end point strategy, optical monitoring, process recipe generation and execution with Khan system and process controller on BAK Evaporator and MSP Sputter platforms.

(603) 669-9656
SVC 2011 TechCon in Chicago, IL

Hyatt Regency Chicago

Join the Society of Vacuum Coaters, April 16-21, 2011, for its 54th Annual TechCon at the beautiful Hyatt Regency Chicago on the River Walk

Call for Papers Available in Print and On-Line Soon

Abstract Submission Deadline
October 1, 2011
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SVC news.
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Staying in touch with our industry and technology is more important now more than ever.  Where is our technology taking us, how does it remain relevant in today's economy and where do we fit in to its future success?  The Society of Vacuum Coaters' commitment to inform and educate our members, the technical community and the public on all aspects of vacuum coating, surface engineering and related processes drives our monthly e-publication SVConnections

Have you recently read something online that you would like to share with the SVConnections readership?  Forward it to us!  E-mail the URL to and we will consider any technical, non-promotional article for inclusion in future SVConnections issues.
Zephyr Solar Powered Plane Makes an Unofficial World Record

"The UK-built Zephyr - a high altitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) plane - has set a world record for longest unmanned flight by staying aloft for more than 82 hours.  That time beats the current official world record for unmanned flight set by the US robot plane Global Hawk - of 30 hours, 24 minutes - and even Zephyr's own previous best of 54 hours achieved last year."

Zephyr Solar Plane

Click the image to read the full article on
Image: designboom
Nottingham Engineers Develop Super Batteries

"The intermittent power generated by renewable sources means that electricity storage solutions will become increasingly important as the UK transitions into a low-carbon energy infrastructure.

This is the belief of researchers at Nottingham University who are developing a new generation of super batteries that will collect, store and, when called upon, quickly release electricity generated by renewables.

Dr George Chen and Dr Christian Klumpner, from the university's engineering department, are leading one of two Nottingham research teams that have received a total of £1.1m in funds from E.ON to develop ways to meet the energy storage challenge."

Click here to read the full article on
Electric Plastics: Better Bionic Eyes and Ears

by Fresh Science, with Reporting by Kim Ukura, Associate Editor PD&D, June 23, 2010

"A researcher from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) has created conductive bioplastics which will transform the performance of bionic devices like the cochlear ear and the proposed bionic eye.

"Our plasElectric Plasticstics will lead to smaller devices that use safer smaller currents and that encourage nerve interaction," says biomedical engineer Rylie Green.
Green's plas
tics are already being tested in prototype bionic eyes and she hopes they will find application in bionic ears and robotic limbs using spinal cord and peripheral nerve cells - wherever researchers are attempting to integrate electronics with the human body.

Bionic devices connect into the nervous system. Right now, the electrodes they use are made out of metals like platinum and iridium which don't always work with the body because metals have smooth surfaces. The body immediately tags the electrodes as foreign material and tries to wall them off by growing fibrous, scar tissue around the implant.

Click the image to read the full article on

Image: Rylie Green

Solar Roof Tiles


Solar Roof Tiles

"The American company SRS Energy has taken the idea of solar panels design for rooftop to a whole new level by integrating them right into roof tiles. Rather than using flat panels installed over traditional roofing materials, SRS Energy has developed solar panel roofing tiles that integrate right into the roof. The unique design allows the tiles to blend right into the roof, making themselves almost invisible."

Click on the image to read the full article on

Image: SRS Energy

Organic LED Plant to be Built with DOE Help
OLED Lighting
Universal Display and Moser Baer Technologies (India) awarded a $4 million contract by the US Dept. of Energy to build a US based OLED pilot plant. Funds were awarded under the American Recovery Reinvestment Act. The plant will produce OLED lighting product based on the phosphorescent OLED (Universal PHOLED) materials Universal Display has developed. The market for solid state light technology has been increasing at about 37% per/year. The solid state lighting market size could be over $20 billion US by 2016. The Korean Government has announced they will invest $17 billion US into OLED manufacturing according to Printed Electronics World.

Click the image to read the article in
Click here to link to the Universal Display Web Site
Image: NEC Lighting

Ultra Porous Hot Electron a-Silicon Photovoltaics

Professors Krzy
stof Boston CollegeKempa and Zhifeng Ren, and Michael Naughton, Boston College, Dept of Physics, have been studying the hot electron effect which will be able to extract more energy from photovoltaics. This is known as part of the family of third generation photovoltaic cells. The situation with conventional solar cells is their energy gap does not match the incident solar radiation distribution very well. After absorbing some of its energy to an electron excited from the valance band to the conduction band, much of the higher energy in the blue region is lost as heat as lattice vibrations. Capturing this excess energy before it is converted to heat is the goal of the work at Boston College. Device using ultra-thin, 5 nm thick, a-Silicon p-i-n cells have been constructed.

Click here to link to a short lecture video clip on

Click here to link to a related article on

Click here to link to the Boston College Group

OSRAM Expands LED Manufacturing for Lighting and Automotive Applications

Osram Opto Semiconductors, Munich, Germany  (Siemens subsidiary) opened its new 390,000 sq. foot LED wafer fabrication OSRAM Fab Plant in Malaysiaplant in Penang, Malaysia.  The cost was estimated at $100 - $120 million to add to its current back-end facility.  LED chips will be built with indium-gallium-nitride using 4-inch wafers, serving as the basis for blue, green and white LEDs.  Osram also plans to add a new LED production module to its existing LED facility in Regensburg, Germany by end of 2010. 

Osram is now the only LED manufacturer with plants in Europe and Asia.  Currently, Osram is the world's second largest LED manufacturer after Japan's Nichia.

Osram forecasts a threefold increase in the LED and organic LED (OLED) market to almost $16 billion by 2012 as new markets and applications are found.  These technologies offer benefits of small size, long lifetime and high energy-efficiency.  Martin Goetzeler (Osram CEO)  indicated that they have already achieved 17% of sales in solid state lighting. In comparison with classic lighting technologies the energy saving potential for solid state lighting could be up to 60 %. This can be a major contribution to climate protection.  New LED applications include projectors, and advertising boards replaced by LED display video walls. 

Click here to read the entire story on the OSRAM Web Site
Image: OSRAM
Top 50 Glaziers Announced by Glass Magazine
Cooper Union Building
The top 50 US Glaziers of 2009 have been summarized by Glass Magazine. Of the 50 companies about 55% reported a 15.4% on average drop in sales. For the 44% who saw an increase in sales the growth, they experienced an average increase of 19.6%. Some companies expanded in to new markets and added new building services. Other companies expanded by acquisitions and by adding new design center locations. Some companies started distributing and installing solar systems. Other companies changed their target marketing to health care facilities and many smaller projects.

On the top of the list in the $200-300 million sales bracket are Permasteelisa North America (Windsor, CT) , Enclos, Corp. (Eagan, MN), Benson Industries, LLC (Portland, OR) and Harmon, Inc. (Eden Prarie,MN).  In the $100-200 million sales bracket are Walters &Wolf (Mukilteo, WA), Trainor Glass (Alsip, IL), W&W Glass LLC, (Nanuet, NY) and Haley-Greer, Inc. (Dallas, TX).

Click here to read the full article on
Image: Glass Magazine
Planet Solar Boat

"The world's largest solar powered boat will be placed in the water for its first trip on March 31st.  The Planet Solar boat measures 100 Largest Solar Boatfeet long and 50 feet wide and is covered in 5,300 square feet of photovoltaic solar panels. The ship was built at the HDW Shipyard in Germany and will embark on a trip around the world in 2011 covering over 25,000 miles. Inside the boat has room for fifty passengers who will be propelled from atop the catamaran base."

Click the image to read the full article on
Image: Planet Solar

Superinsulator Mystery Solved

Back in 2008, a group of scientists from Argonne National Labs and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology discovered superinsulation properties in films of titanium nitride. These materials lose all electrical conduction near absolute temperature, somewhat like the opposite of superconductors. At very low temperatures films of titatium nitride suddenly showed resistance 100,000 times normal.

ANL Dilution Fridge

The phenomena is explained, as in superconductors, by electron pairs being formed and moving together collectively showing little resistance in the superinsulator. The Cooper pairs repel each other causing no conduction.  The theory of the superinsulators was reported by Valerli Vinokur, Tatyana Baturina and Nikolai Chtchelkatchev in Physical Review Letts. Dec 2009. The importance of such a finding is that it could be possible to make a battery storage system with no leakage currents which all batteries have now. Other films will be studied for superinsulation properties.

Click the image to read the full article on
Image: Argonne National Laboratory

BPIV Organic Photovoltaics Cells Moving Forward

Solarmer of  El Monte, CA is working with the University of California Los Angeles, researcher Prof. Yang Yang to develop colored polymer photovoltaics.  Also, a new collaboration with NREL will look at increasing the cell lifetime. The colors could be integrated into building skins or in decorative panels.  This could lead to PV fabric materials. Solarmer has a NREL certified 7.9% conversion efficiency cell. Solarmer has teamed with Joel Berman Glass Studios (Vancouver, BC) to make semitransparent panels.

Konarka - Bus ShelterAlso, Konarka (Lowell, MA) is selling their Power Plastic® organic PV cells in a flexible sheet form. A new application is for transit roof shelters in San Francisco. The PV roofs will power signage and WiFi routers.  In the 2008 Nanomarket Report it is estimated that the portable PV power market alone would be $80 million by 2015.

Click here to read more about the UCLA Partnership

Click here to read more about the NREL Partnership

Click here for Information on Konarka Bus Shelters

Image: San Francisco Bus Transit with Konarka Power Plastic® - photo by Ryan Hughes, Lundberg Design

Graphene Films Clear Major Fabrication Hurdle

From Science Daily, April 12, 2010

by: Science Daily Staff from materials provided by DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

"Graphene, the two-dimensional crystalline form of carbon, is a potential superstar for the electronics industry. With freakishly mobile electrons that can blaze through the material at nearly the speed of light -- 100 times faster than electrons can move through silicon -- graphene could be used to make superfast transistors or computer memory chips.

Graphene's unique "chicken wire" atomic structure exhibits incredible flexibility and mechanical strength, as well as unusual optical properties that could open a number of promising doors in both the electronics and the photonics industries. However, among the hurdles preventing graphite from joining the pantheon of star high-tech materials, perhaps none looms larger than just learning to make the stuff in high quality and usable quantities.
"Before we can fully utilize the superior electronic properties of graphene in devices, we must first develop a method of forming uniform single-layer graphene films on nonconducting substrates on a large scale," says Yuegang Zhang, a materials scientist with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). Current fabrication methods based on mechanical cleavage or ultrahigh vacuum annealing, he says, are ill-suited for commercial-scale production. Graphene films made via solution-based deposition and chemical reduction have suffered from poor or uneven quality."

Click here to read the entire article on
Sanyo Announces World's Most Efficient Solar Module

By Lin Edwards,, June 16, 2010

"Sanyo has announced its development of the world's most energy Sanyo Imageefficient solar module, the HIT-N230. The module was unveiled at a press conference run by Sanyo Electric's Solar Division.
Sanyo is a major manufacturer of solar panels, with three factories in Japan, one in Hungary serving Europe, and a fifth in Mexico that serves the US market. The N series of modules are produced in Japan and consist of solar cells of the Hetero-junction with Intrinsic Thin-layer (HIT) type.

HIT solar cells contain a single thin crystalline wafer of silicon surrounded by ultra-thin amorphous layers of silicon. They are characterized by high efficiency at high temperatures, and increased output power even during high summertime temperatures. The high conversion efficiency of HIT cells means more capacity can be installed compared to conventional crystalline silicon solar cells."

Click the image to read the full article on

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