The Biographer's Craft
A monthly newsletter for
writers & readers of biography
August 2010
 Vol. 4, No. 6
Daring Biography Had Hard Road to Publication

secret bkAugust will see the publication of Justin Spring's biography of Samuel Steward, who had an unusual life, as the subtitle suggests. Secret Historian: The Life and Times of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade (Farrar, Straus and Giroux) is generating remarkable buzz and anticipation in the month usually considered the doldrums of serious book publishing. It seems destined for best-selling success. But in this TBC exclusive, Spring explains the sale of the proposal was an against-all-odds kind of story.
By Justin Spring
My agent, Charlotte Sheedy, sent the manuscript to 10 editors, all of whom were afraid to take it on--one actually took her to task for peddling smut. This hurt me, because that particular editor was an old friend and work colleague of mine.
     Anyway, after 10 editors my agent wanted to call it quits, and she called me into the office to say that further circulation of the proposal would be damaging to my reputation. I went home very dejected (and a little angry) and chatted with my friend Francine Maroukian, who writes for Esquire magazine. She begged me not to let go of the project but rather to bring it around to magazine editors. She said that once it had been published as a magazine story, some editor at a publishing house would see its potential and buy it.
     So I asked around for introductions to magazine editors. My agent put me in touch with Doug Stumpf at Vanity Fair, and I went over to Condé Nast for a talk. I brought my laptop and gave him a slide show of all the things I'd found in the Steward Archive in San Francisco. And he said, "Wow, this is amazing!" But then after a moment he said, ". . . but we could never publish it here--the magazine is too conservative. So what would you like me to do?"
    I thought for a moment and said, "Find me a person who might help get it published."  So he put me in touch with two people: an editor at the New Yorker, and the head of marketing at Farrar, Straus and Giroux. The New Yorker editor couldn't handle it, said it was too extreme. The head of marketing at FSG, however, invited me to come down and give him the same presentation I'd given Stumpf.
    It was a stressful experience; this was at the old FSG offices, which were very claustrophobic. We sat in a hallway and I showed him the slide show. He was amazed, and said so, which I thought was good. But then he said, "I'm not an editor, so what would you like me to do?" And I said, "Well find me the person at the publishing house who could take on a project like this."  He nodded and said he would think about it.
     When I got home there was a message from Jonathan Galassi on the answering machine.
     To make a long story short, I brought the laptop down to his office, gave him the slide show, and again there was the same shocked expression. His first response was, "I don't know if FSG could ever publish something like this." The next response was, "Let me think about it."
     In retrospect there were three things that worked in my favor. First, I'd published a biography with Yale Press a couple of years earlier about Fairfield Porter, a painter who loved poetry and wrote wonderful criticism. The poet James Schuyler had lived with the Porter family for nearly a decade. Galassi had been Schuyler's editor at the end of his life and has continued to publish Schuyler ever since. So he knew I'd written sensitively and well about sexually delicate subject matter (a bisexual affair), and well about poetry too. And, of course, Galassi is one of the top poetry editors in the world.
     The next big help was Samuel Steward's own writing. Sam had started out as a poet and literary novelist, and he wrote beautifully and distinctively and with amazing clarity even when describing the most complicated emotional responses relating to sex. And just enough of it had been published that Galassi had a good sense of what the texture of the life story might be like. Also, late in life Sam had been published by Don Allen, the legendary poetry and fiction editor who had made his reputation at Grove Press. Galassi had a lot of respect for Allen and was fascinated at the unlikely connection.
     Finally, Galassi had been working at Houghton Mifflin when that publisher had come out with Dear Sammy, Sam's memoir of his friendship with Gertrude Stein and Alice Toklas. And while Galassi remembered that as a fine book, he had had no idea that it had been written by a tattoo artist and a pornographer, since Sam had concealed all that information from Houghton Mifflin.
     So, after taking a long look at me and my subject, he had me back the next day and said, "Okay, let's give it a shot."
     Selling the proposal was an agonizing experience that took about six months all told. But when I said as much to Francine a few days after I got my contract, she told me to get real.
"Sure, it got rejected, but after that, all you did was take it uptown to Vanity Fair and downtown FSG," she pointed out. "You know, most writers have to work much, much harder to sell a story or a book."
     So that's my story about selling the book. It very nearly did not got sold--or written. And of course I then spent seven years writing the book!
    In putting pen to paper , I found the greatest challenge was in finding the right tone. I was dealing with highly inflammatory subject matter that could so easily have become boring or disgusting (or both), even to people who are sympathetic to homosexuality. And, of course, not everyone is.
     I rewrote endlessly and edited down from an original draft of 1,600 manuscript pages to the current 550. And I just happened to be in group therapy during those years with therapist Will Swift, who is also a biographer. Together the group of about ten guys would sometimes discuss the most difficult moments in Sam's life, as well as very controversial issues like sexual addiction and compulsivity.
     But in one sense I was lucky: my writing about Sam's sexuality could never be interpreted as a betrayal, because he himself had fought all his life (and against terrible odds) to be honest about his sexuality in his writing. Moreover, because he had devoted so much time and energy to reflecting upon his sexuality and noting down all its particulars, I had an abundance of material to work with. In that sense he was a perfect subject.
     In the end, what I came up with is a scholarly and literate biography of a man who devoted his life to sexuality and at the same time to making his sexuality entirely readable: that is, making his private life transparent for his future biographer. Most writers and public figures don't do that; they protect themselves from that kind of intrusion. In that sense I was blessed with a truly unique subject. So, if the book is ultimately considered remarkable, it's in large part because I had a remarkable a subject.
     To be truthful, I don't think I will ever have that luck again. In letting go of Sam's life, I've had a very hard time envisioning anyone or anything more interesting than what I've just written about.

SpringJustin Spring is a writer specializing in 20th-century American art and culture, and the author of many monographs, catalogs, museum publications, and books, including Fairfield Porter: A Life in Art and Paul Cadmus: The Male Nude.
     To learn more about the book visit his website.

Fall Lineup: Part Deux

Last month, TBC offered a peek at biographies coming out this fall. We are not done yet. (If we haven't mentioned your book, please be sure to read "Six Prepublication Publicity Tips," below).
     Add to the list Louise W. Knight's Jane Addams: Spirit in Action, which W. W. Norton will bring out next month. The book's publication is timed with the 150th anniversary of Addams's birth. Knight will be the keynote speaker on September 24 for a Jane Addams symposium entitled "From Hull House to Human Rights," at the Center for Worker Education, CCNY, 25 Broadway. For details, see the Center's website.
 Native son    Kate Buford's Native American Son: The Life and Sporting Legend of Jim Thorpe will be published by Knopf in October. The book has already been chosen as a featured selection of the Book of the Month and the History Book clubs.
     BIO president Nigel Hamilton will bring out what is called alternately a prosopography or a prosobiography. Modeled on one of the most famous histories of ancient Rome (The Twelve Caesars), Hamilton's book, American Caesars, reexamines the lives and careers of the 12 leaders of the American empire since World War II, from Franklin D. Roosevelt to George W. Bush. It is being published in the United States by Yale University Press and was brought in July in the United Kingdom by the Bodley Head.
  Brennan   Over two decades of work have gone into Justice Brennan: Liberal Champion, by Seth Stern and Stephen Wermiel, which Houghton Mifflin Harcourt will publish in October.
     And, in December, Palgrave Macmillan will publish an unusual World War II biography, Muriel's War: An American Heiress in the Nazi Resistance, by Sheila Isenberg.

Six Prepublication Publicity Tips
Last month, following the publication of TBC's preview of fall biographies, we learned of other biographies that had not been included. Herein lies a lesson. In assembling our list we relied primarily on listings disseminated by publishers. For instance, the Publishers Weekly fall announcements included only those titles publishers felt worthy of submission.
      In short, don't depend on your publisher to tell the world about your work.
      Below are six useful tips to consider as soon as you finish the last page of your manuscript.
  1. Always list your forthcoming book on the bottom of your emails.
  2. Don't assume your publisher has notified everyone. Duplication will not hurt, but omission will.
  3. Consider working with an independent publicist. The publicist assigned to you by the publishing house may be marvelous, but he or she works for the publisher, not for you. They must tend to the interests of their company as well as those of other authors.
  4. As early as you can, get review copies into the hands of key people in your field. Doing so will build buzz.
  5. Good venues have enormously long lead times. For instance, don't wait for the book to come out before approaching the 92 Street Y.
  6. Find any excuse to write about your book.
      In 2003 I went on a book tour. I arrived at a university where I was scheduled to give a talk and a well known, but rather gruff, professor invited me to stop in his office. "Well," he announced when I arrived, "I'm not going to read your book." Taken aback, I stammered, "Why not?"
     "My wife," he explained, "was sent a review copy months ago. And every night when I was trying to fall asleep she would elbow me and say, 'Bill, you've got to hear this story.'"
      I knew then that my publisher and publicist had done their job. One can't buy that kind of buzz.

--James McGrath Morris

Grapevine, Texas, Shines Briefly as Capital of Nonfiction Storytelling 
More than three hundred writers from around the country gathered in Grapevine, Texas, at the end of July to hear from and talk with some of the best narrative writers in the business at the Sixth Annual Mayborn Literary Nonfiction Conference. As one toast maker exuberantly proclaimed, "No greater talent of storytelling has assembled in one spot since Herodotus dined alone."
     The Dallas Morning News (link below) and the Neiman Storyboard provided excellent coverage of the conference.
     Mary Karr, a noted memoirist, gave the opening address. An array of journalists, book writers, photographers, screenwriters, and ghostwriters then provided a day and a half of talks and panel discussions. They included Ken Raymond, a reporter with the Oklahoman, who told the moving story of chronicling the final months in the life of Jim Chastain, who died of cancer, and offered a frank discussions of the pitfalls of such an assignment.
      Kristen Hinman, a staff writer for St. Louis's River Front Times, discussed the best practices for profile writing. Jack Shafer, Slate's editor at large, explored the arc of literary journalism from the turn of the century. Bloomberg editor Bob Blau delineated the elements of writing an engaging business narrative.
      Author and Vanity Fair staff writer Bryan Burrough provided personal tips on his approach to writing articles and books--he triggered much conversation by asserting he knew exactly how his books and articles would turn out before beginning work.
     Hampton Sides and David Grann, authors respectively of Hellhound on His Trail and The Lost City of Z, discussed journalistic and narrative techniques for bringing historical writing alive, in a panel moderated by James McGrath Morris.
      Kevin Fedarko and Bill Marvel, ghostwriters for Stones into Schools and Island of the Dammed, talked about their experiences writing somebody else's story for that somebody.
     Book reviewers and authors Steve Weinberg, Mike Merschel, and Bob Shacochis discussed the art and the state of the art of book reviewing.
     Gary Smith, National Magazine Award-winning sportswriter, brought the conference to an end with an offering of his secrets to storytelling.
     One of the highlights of the conference was certainly author Mark Bowden's keynote speech on Saturday evening. Here is how the Dallas Morning News reported the soiree:
      "By Saturday night around 8, attendees of the Mayborn Nonfiction Literary Conference were stuffed with both dinner and the knowledge gained from the day's 10 sessions with great writers from across the country. We were comfy, lulled into nonchalance.
      "Suddenly, we were in Mogadishu, Somalia, courtesy of two giant screens at either side of the stage. Helicopters circled as gun-wielding Somalis wreaked chaos in the streets below. A rocket-launched grenade hit a chopper, and the raven bird tumbled from the sky, crashing with a screeching skid. 'Black Hawk down,' came the first words of the film clip. 'We have a Black Hawk down.'
     "Blackout. Applause. 'I'd like to thank Ridley Scott for spending $100 million to make that opener for me,' Bowden noted to audience laughter. Scott directed the Oscar-winning film Black Hawk Down, based on Bowden's best-selling book about the 1993 incident in Mogadishu that left 18 American soldiers dead."
     For information on next's year conference, consult the Mayborn website.

Plans Underway for 2011 Compleat Biographer Conference; Seeking Volunteers for Survey; BIO Unveils BIOConnect

The 20011 Compleate Biographer site committee, co-chaired by authors Barbara Burkhardt and Robin Rausch, is currently inspecting locations in the Washington, DC, area.
     Meanwhile the planning committee is expected to start working in September on conference programming.
     BIO is conducting a survey to determine the best date for the conference. Please help pick the most suitable time by completing this short online survey.
     The organization has also initiated an effort to help biographers link up with other biographers living nearby. Already Boston, New York, Washington, and Los Angeles have regular meetings of biographers. Toward this end, BIO's website is unveiling BIOConnect, a webpage devoted to bringing biographers together.

Levy Center to Offer Biography Fellowships Again
Four fortunate biographers will be selected for $60,000 resident fellowships beginning September 2011 at the Leon Levy Center for Biography at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. The fellowships include writing space and access to research facilities.
     According to the center's website, "Applications are thus welcome from established and emerging biographers, writers moving to biography from other genres, and artists working on biography in film or other media."
     The deadline for 2011-2012 biography fellowship applications is Friday, October 15, 2010. Fellowship winners will be announced in April 2011. Details and application materials may be found at the Levy website.

Devoted Author of YA Biographies Goes It Alone
One day at a library sale Jennifer Phillips found an old paperback copy of Nina Kosterina's diary. Written by the Russian teenager during the Stalin era, the diary became a best-selling book in the 1960s. Phillips was intrigued with her story. "I started researching more about her and the Stalin years just because I was curious," Phillips said, "and then I started to think about tackling a biography when I discovered none existed."
   Philllips   A former newspaper reporter whose coverage included hanging out in crime labs like those now featured on popular television shows, Phillips did not limit herself to the usual research. "I ended up using an American agency that has researchers in Russia to help me find more documents about Nina and her family. And this researcher actually located Nina's elderly sister and grown nephew and conducted interviews on my behalf." (The research agency Phillips used is Blitz, featured in the November 2009 issue of TBC.)
     Soon Phillips had written a biography of Kosterina for young adults. When she took the work to publishers, however, she was surprised to learn there was little interest in Kosterina's story, nor in that of Elijah Lovejoy, her next subject.
     "I would get back 'nice manuscript but no thanks' comments," she said. "I even had one person say we didn't need a book about Nina Kosterina because there are so many biographies about Anne Frank.
     "I was running out of suitable publisher possibilities, so I decided it was fairly low-risk to try publishing the works myself. I wouldn't have taken the plunge if I didn't believe these were worthy biography subjects."
     NinaIn the end Phillips self-published Nina Kosterina: A Young Communist in Stalinist Russia as an e-book and followed it up with Elijah Lovejoy's Fight for Freedom, another children's biography, the latter published in both paperback and e-book editions. While sales have been a struggle, both books have found readers.
     "Writing for children is different from writing for adults, and it's not just about fewer pages," Phillips advises others, reflecting on her experience.      "You have to decide what material is most relevant for the age group you are targeting and how to write it in an engaging way. For the Lovejoy book, I decided many parts of his life needed to be mentioned only briefly or not all. Those aspects of his story would have been complicated to explain to a young audience, and I had to decide if they were critical to showing who he was and what struggles he experienced. And if you're writing about a historical character, you're also trying to identify a contemporary relevance so kids can relate.
     "Like any writer, I'm learning the absolutely critical need to revise, revise, and revise. I am learning to be more patient with putting manuscripts aside and giving them time so I can come back to them with fresh eyes."
      But marketing one's own books, admits Phillips, takes time away from writing, and it remains a struggle to tend to both, plus her part-time work as the innovation director at a Seattle medical center and the demands of family life.
     "I get up early in the morning to do my personal writing, and I work like a demon on my days at home when I'm not juggling kids' appointments and such. But I need to find a balance so I also have time to develop as a writer and time to tend to existing books and being out there.
     "I don't think I'm alone in this struggle, and I don't think it's true just for authors who are self-published or working through a small publisher. My understanding is that even authors with larger traditional publishers are in the same boat."
     To learn more about Phillips' work, visit her website.

Weekend Workshop on Writing Biographies Slated for September in Rhode Island

A weekend workshop on writing biographies will be held from September 10 to September 12 at the new Panther Orchard Writers' Retreat, in southern Rhode Island. The workshop, called "Writing Biographies: The Art of Making Historical Characters Come Alive," will be led by Marla Miller, author of Betsy Ross and the Making of America and The Needle's Eye: Women and Work in the Age of Revolution.
     According to organizers, the workshop will "provide participants with insight into biography as a literary genre and the techniques biographers use to breathe life into the raw material left behind by individuals from the past."
     Miller is offering a manuscript critique and coaching session by advanced reservation for an additional fee. Space is limited to 16. For more details about the workshop or to download a flyer and registration materials, consult the retreat's website.

Oprah Movie or Miniseries in the Works

Larry A. Thompson, a producer who has done biopics of Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, and Sonny and Cher, has bought the rights to Kitty Kelley's biography of Oprah Winfrey. He is pitching his project as either a movie or a TV miniseries. Thompson hopes to release the film around the time of the final episode of the Oprah Winfrey Show, airing on September 9, 2011.
     The deal will certainly give a boost to Kelley's book, whose sales were below her publisher's expectations. According to BookScan, which tracks 70 percent to 75 percent of sales, Oprah sold about 115,000 copies of an announced 500,000 copy printing. Sales of all unauthorized biographies have fallen tremendously in recent years, according to the Associated Press.
     No word yet as to who might star as the talk-show host in the film.

Carola Hicks, Biographer of People and Art

HicksCarola Margaret Hicks, British historian and biographer, died of cancer on June 23, at age 68. Best known for her 2001 biography Improper Pursuits: The Scandalous Life of Lady Di Beauclerk, Hicks was also a celebrated art historian.
     "She created something new in the world of contemporary biography, writing the life stories and afterlives of iconic works of art such as the Bayeux tapestry and the stained-glass windows of King's College Chapel, Cambridge," according to the Guardian. "She swept the dust off old masterpieces, explained their cultural contexts and infused them with life for a new public."
     Among these works are The Bayeux Tapestry: The Life Story of a Masterpiece (2006) and The King's Glass: A Story of Tudor Power and Secret Art (2007). Before dying she was nearing completion of Girl in a Green Gown, a biography of Jan van Eyck's enigmatic portrait of the Arnolfini marriage.
     "Six months ago, Carola was diagnosed with cancer, which she faced with clear-eyed dispassion," reported the Guardian. "She died at home, stylish to the last, with a red rose from the garden on her pillow."


Amanuensis: A person whose employment is to write what another dictates, or to copy what another has written. Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

"On a windy, rainy New York morning in April 2007 I found myself sitting on my suitcase at LaGuardia airport, watching information screens roll through page after page of cancelled flights. I had flown in from London the day before; I was jet-lagged and incredibly homesick, and I had no way of knowing when I would reach my destination. Moreover, I had no idea, really, about my destination. I knew it was Iowa City, that it was in the Midwest, and that its university had an important literary archive. I was armed with a copy of Richard Holmes's Footsteps: Adventures of a Romantic Biographer, which I thought was appropriate since I wanted to be a biographer, and here I was, undeniably having an adventure. I had never felt less romantic." [Read More]

--Daisy Hay, The Daily Beast

Videos from the first Compleat Biographer Conference are now available for viewing. Visit BIO's website for details.
In This Issue
Daring Biography's Path to Publication
Fall Lineup: Part Deux
Six Prepublication Publicity Tips
Mayborn Nonfiction Conference
BIO news: Conference, Survey, BIOConnect
Levy Fellowships, Deadline Soon
YA Author Goes it Alone
Weekend Bio Workshop in RI
Oprah Movie Soon?
Obituary: Hicks

The clock is ticking. Don't let this be your last issue of TBC!

To learn more about membership in BIO,
click here.

From the
Editor's Desk
I had the pleasure last month of serving as moderator for a discussion between authors Hampton Sides and David Grann during the Mayborn Literary Nonfiction Conference, about which you can read in this issue of TBC.
   In addition to producing this annual conference, the Frank W. Mayborn Graduate Institute of Journalism at the University of North Texas also publishes a magazine on narrative nonfiction. The new issue features a number of articles that might be of interest to biographers. By special permission, an article I wrote for Mayborn about some techniques I use in writing biography is available for download free-of-charge on BIO's website.

If Justin Spring's piece in this month's TBC intrigues you, be sure to check out Patricia Cohen's New York Times article on the author and his book. The Times also posted a slide show.

This short item appeared in Galley Cat recently:
   "After months of domination by William P. Young, Dan Brown, and the Bible, the hardboiled work of Stieg Larsson has finally cracked the top five on Amazon's Most Highlighted Books of All Time List. The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo unseated Malcolm Gladwell, rising to #4 on the list."
   This got me thinking. Do owners of Kindles know that Amazon can track what they highlight in their books? I bet a number of readers would be surprised to learn that this private act is no longer private in this new age of e-books.
   It reminds me of how we learned during the flap over Janet Jackson's wardrobe problem that it was the most often replayed bit of video on the then-new device known as TiVo.
  My advice? Read the fine print when selecting an e-book reader. You might want to learn who is watching over your shoulder when you read your next book.
You can be a biographer without writing a word. A group called the Blind Project has launched a new apparel line that "promotes the recovery and well-being of women and children exploited by the commercial sex trade in Southeast Asia."          According to the group's website, "the brand teaches [these women and children] marketable job skills in fashion design and employs them in a positive work environment with a sustainable living wage to help them regain autonomy."
    The brand is now holding a design competition and is asking designers to visually represent stories of women the organization helped save from slavery. The contest is called "Be a Biographer." Sounds like a great cause, but what's up with the contest's name?

Next month TBC as you have known it for four years will begin a new chapter as the official publication of BIO, available only by subscription. A redesigned and improved TBC will be coming your way--that is, of course, if you become a member of BIO.
   Among the new features will be a "News & Notes" section that will allow us to offer extended coverage of all the news-making happenings among BIO members. So please send us news about yourself, your books, or your writing.
Happy reading,

James McGrath Morris 

Currently reading: Songs for the Butcher's Daughter, by Peter Manseau

Sold to Publishers

The following are among the biographies recently sold to publishers, as reported by Publishers Marketplace and other sources.

 Brian Jay Jones, yet to be titled biography of Jim Henson, to Ballantine

Stephen Bown, The Last Viking, a biography of Roald Amundsen, to Da Capo

Molly Peacock, The Paper Garden: An Artist Begins Her Life's Work at 72, to Bloomsbury

Bill McGrane, All Rise! The Remarkable Journey of Justice Alan Page, to Triumph

Julian Dawson, ...And on the Piano, Nicky Hopkins!: The Extraordinary Life of the World's Greatest Sideman, to Plus One

Carlo D'Este, To Save a Nation, a biography of Raoul Wallenberg, to Crown

In Stores

The following are biographies in stores this month.


 Citizen Rauh: An American Liberal's Life in Law and Politics
by Michael E. Parrish (University of Michigan Press)

The Sugar King of Havana: The Rise and Fall of Julio Lobo, Cuba's Last Tycoon
by John Paul Rathbone
(Penguin Press)

A Royal Passion: The Turbulent Marriage of King Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France
by Katie Whitaker

Becoming Queen Victoria: The Tragic Death of Princess Charlotte and the Unexpected Rise of Britain's Greatest Monarch
by Kate Williams

The Man Who Built the National Football League: Joe F. Carr
by Chris Willis

Double Death: The True Story of Pryce Lewis, the Civil War's Most Daring Spy
by Gavin Mortimer

Angelina: An Unauthorized Biography
by Andrew Morton
(St. Martins)

Kate Bush:
Under the Ivy

by Graeme Thomson

Philip de Laszlo:
His Life and Art

by Duff Hart-Davis
(Yale University Press)

Tasting Freedom: Octavius Catto and the Battle for Equality in Civil War America
by Daniel R. Biddle and
Murray Dubin
(Temple University Press)

The Life and Music of Kenny Davern: Just Four Bars
by Edward N. Meyer
(Scarecrow Press)

The King of Carnaby Street: A Life of John Stephen
by Jeremy Reed
(Haus Publishing)



 The Real Wizard of Oz: The Life and Times of L. Frank Baum
by Rebecca Loncraine

Gabriel Garcia Marquez: A Life
by Gerald Martin

Marx's General: The Revolutionary Life of Friedrich Engels
by Tristram Hunt

Michael Jackson: The Magic, The Madness, The Whole Story, 1958-2009
by J. Randy Taraborrelli
(Grand Central)

American Original: The Life and Constitution of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia
by Joan Biskupic
(Farrar, Straus and Giroux)

Madoff with the Money
by Jerry Oppenheimer

Elizabeth Cady Stanton: An American Life
by Lori D. Ginzberg
(Hill & Wang)

Augustine of Hippo:
A Life
by Henry Chadwick
(Oxford University Press)

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biographies--in every medium, from print to film.

Membership benefits include the monthly Biographer's Craft, discount on our annual conference, free personal webpage, and much, much more.

To join, visit the membership page of BIO's website.


James McGrath Morris,

Sarah Baldwin,
copy editor
Mailing address:
Biographers International Organization
P.O. Box 33020
Santa Fe, NM  87594