May 2012
Final CEFS CC Banner
In This Issue
Thanks to our Field Day Sponsors
Upcoming SOSA Workshops
CEFS Launches Produce Ped'lers Program
Be a Local!
New Publications, Jan - May 2012
Article Headline
CEFS Field Day Recap
NC 10% Campaign: New Partnerships, Exciting Growth
New Compost Unit

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Field Day Sponsors


Thank you to all our sponsors for helping to make the day a huge success!
Sustaining Sponsors:
Southern SARE logo transparent 

Guardian Sponsor: AgCarolina Financial


Cultivator Sponsors: Southern Bank, Delight Foods, Cape Fear Farm Credit

For more sponsorship opportunities,   please visit the CEFS website



Upcoming SOSA Workshops




Legume Cover Crops & No-till Production: July 12


Organic Field Crop Farm Tour: July 19



For more information, visit the 2012 Seasons of Sustainable Agriculture Workshop Series Calendar.


Sustaining Sponsor:

SARE logo


CEFS and Community Partners Launch Produce Ped'lers Program


This summer, get ready for a new sight in Goldsboro: youth-powered rickshaws delivering farmers' market fruits and vegetables to areas of the community that have limited access to fresh produce. It's all part of the Produce Ped'lers program, a new CEFS initiative designed to address food access disparities in city neighborhoods.


The program is funded by a USDA Farmers' Market Promotion Program grant. CEFS teamed up with Dillard Academy Charter School, the Wayne County Health Department, the Wayne Food Initiative, the City of Goldsboro, Plum Tree Marketplace, and several other community partners to launch this creative pilot that will also employ young people and train them on farmers' market management.   

At the Produce Ped'lers launch on May 9!

City Market, one of the program's participating farmers' markets, has been approved to receive an EBT machine. That means that customers who receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits can use their benefits to purchase fresh produce at the market! 


Shorlette Ammons, CEFS' Community-Based Food Systems Outreach Coordinator says, "We're so proud to be able to work alongside such diligent and dedicated community partners. This project has the potential to greatly impact this entire community and make definitive moves towards creating a just and fair food system".


The Program officially launched on May 9, with a celebration at Goldsboro's Herman Park that was attended by USDA Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services Kevin Concannon, Former US Congresswoman Eva Clayton,  and other special guests. 


Look for more information on the Produce Ped'lers program on the CEFS website soon!  

Be a Local!


The NC 10% Campaign and the Park Scholars program at NC State have created a video to promote local foods on college campuses.
The video will be seen all summer long at the NC State campus theater -- before every movie shown! 


Watch the video, "I'm a Local", below:


NC 10% Campaign - Support Local Foods on Campus!
NC 10% Campaign - Support Local Foods on Campus!


      New Publications,

Jan - May 2012



Brooks AM, Danehower DA, Murphy JP, Reberg-Horton SC, and Burton JD. Estimation of heritability of benzoxazinoid production in rye (Secale cereale) using gas chromatographic analysis. Plant Breeding (Ahead of Print). doi:10.1111/j.1439-0523.2011.01885.x



Cubbage F, Glenn V, Mueller JP, Myers R, Luginbuhl JM, and Myers R. Early tree growth, crop yields, and estimated returns for an agroforestry trial in Goldsboro, NC. Agroforestry Systems. 2012. (Accepted)



Grossman JM, Sherard M, Prohn S, Bradley L, Goodell S, Andrew K. An Exploratory Analysis of Student-Community Interactions in Urban Agriculture. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement. 2012. (In Press)



Jemison JM, Darby HM, and Reberg-Horton SC. Winter grain-short season corn double crop production system for New England. Agronomy Journal. (Accepted)



Luginbuhl J-M, Pietrosemoli S, Freeman JM, Anderson KL. Alternatives to traditional anthelmintics to control gastrointestinal nematodes in grazing meat goats. Arch Latinoam Prod Anim. (In Press)



Niewolny KL, Grossman J, Byker C, Helms J, Clark SF, Cotton J, Jacobson, KL. Sustainable Agriculture Education and Civic Engagement: The Significance of Community-University Partnerships in the New Agricultural Paradigm. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development. (Accepted)



Raczkowski CW, Mueller JP, Busscher WJ, Bell MC, and McGraw ML. 2012. Soil physical properties of agricultural systems in a large-scale study. Soil and Tillage Research. 119:50-59.



Reberg-Horton SC, Grossman J, Kornecki TS, Meijer AD, Price AJ, Place G, Webster TM. Utilizing cover crop mulches to reduce tillage in organic systems in the Southeastern USA. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. View online: doi:10.1017/S1742170511000469. (In Press)



Vibart RE, Washburn SP, Green JT Jr., Benson GA, Williams CM, Pacheco D, and Lopez-Villalobos N. 2012. Effects of feeding strategy on milk production, reproduction, pasture utilization, and economics of autumn-calving dairy cows in eastern North Carolina. Journal of Dairy Science. 95:997-1010.



Webb M, Abaye OA, Teutsch C, Luginbuhl J-M, Scaglia G, Zipper C. Effects of mixed grazing goats with cattle on forage biomass, botanical composition and browse species on reclaimed pastures in the Appalachian coal region. Sheep & Goat Res. J. (In Press)







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Message from the Directors


Spring Greetings! We begin this letter by celebrating the wonderful success of our May 3rd CEFS Field Day. The NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services' Research Station staff, university faculty and students, the CEFS' programs and projects team, community partners, and farm apprentices worked together to create a truly memorable day for the nearly 300 participants who attended.


Attendees had the opportunity to visit the Small Farm Unit and community engagement sites as well as the Systems Research, Organic and Livestock units.  Comments by some of our stakeholders, including National SARE Program Director Dr. Rob Hedberg, showed that our research, outreach, and academic programs are well-appreciated nationally.


 In other exciting news, CEFS' work is being recognized in very meaningful ways.  We were recently awarded the NCSU Opal Mann Green Engagement and Scholarship Award, which recognizes the creation of inclusionary teams to pursue community-based learning and action around issues of local importance.  CEFS was also named a regional winner of the C. Peter Macgrath Community Engagement Award, a national distinction which recognizes outreach and engagement partnership efforts of four-year public universities.  We are honored to have our work recognized in these ways, and grateful for the many wonderful partnerships that give our work its true relevance.


Looking ahead, the 2012 Summer Internship Program is about to start.  Eighteen participants were selected from more than sixty applicants! We have made some changes to our program so that it continues to live up to the rave reviews we see ourselves getting in blogs and tweets across cyberspace.


We are excited about our new Produce Ped'lers rickshaws running between the Goldsboro farmers' markets and customers who lack convenient access to fresh and local produce. We were honored to have USDA Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services Kevin Concannon join us for the program's launch and announce that the Goldsboro market has been approved for SNAP benefits. 


Finally, the Farm to Fork Picnic paired 28 of the area's most amazing chefs and farmers in a sold-out all-you-can-eat feast on May 20. The weather was perfect for a celebration of local foods and great fun was had by all. The event is a fundraiser for the apprenticeship program at CEFS and the PLANT @ Breeze Farm Incubator. 


Here's to another season of fresh, healthy and delicious North Carolina produce. Let's work to make the bounty accessible to all.


John O'Sullivan Signature

Dr. John O'Sullivan

CEFS Director, NCA&TSU

Dr. Nancy Creamer

CEFS Director, NCSU










CEFS Field Day a Big Success!


Field Day attendees listen to Dr. Julie Grossman describe no-till organic corn production.

CEFS held an official Field Day on May 3, 2012 to highlight its innovative research projects and community initiatives.   More than 300 people gathered under clear skies at the CEFS Research Farm in Goldsboro, home to CEFS' eight research units. The units - Pasture-Based Dairy, Pasture-Based Beef, Pasture-Based Meat Goat, Alternative Swine, Small Farm, Farming Systems Research, Organic, and Composting - are managed by NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services staff in cooperation with NCSU and NCA&TSU faculty.


Farm tours gave participants a close look at activities in the Farming Systems Research, Organic, and Livestock units. Faculty from NCSU and NCAT&SU explained their various research projects with short talks on Soil and Water Studies, Agroforestry, No-Till Organic Corn Production, Organic Canola Production, Innovative Vacuum Systems for Removing Flies from Dairy Cows, and Outdoor Swine, among other topics. 


There were biofuels, composting, and vermicomposting demonstrations, as well as premieres of new videos showcasing the Pasture-Based Dairy and Alternative Swine units. More than 50 posters from CEFS-affiliated faculty and graduate students demonstrated the depth and range of CEFS-based research.


Open Houses were held in the Small Farm Unit, where visitors viewed the Unit's many innovative production techniques and met the season-long apprentices; and at community sites in Goldsboro, where visitors viewed the entrepreneurial, gardening, and local foods models that CEFS and community partners have created together.


Many distinguished guests were on hand to welcome participants, including Dean William Randle of the School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences at NC A&T State University; Dean Johnny Wynne of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at NC State University; Associate Dean Ray McKinnie of the School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences at NC A&T State University and Administrator of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Program; Sandy Stewart, Director of the Research Stations Division for the NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services and NC State University; David Smith, Associate Dean and Director for NC Agricultural Research Service, NC State University; Rob Hedberg, Director of the National Sustainable Agriculture and Research Education (SARE) Program; and Goldsboro Mayor Alfonzo King.


The event concluded with a delicious local foods dinner by Green Planet Catering featuring pulled BBQ pork from Farmhand Foods (a CEFS initiative); vegetarian lasagna  made with tomatoes from the Agroecology Education Farm at Lake Wheeler Field Station (canned during peak tomato season); Sweet Potato Hash made with local sweet potatoes; creamed local greens; and Howling Cow ice cream, made with milk and cream from the NCSU Dairy. All organic waste (including plates and utensils) will be composted  at the Agroecology Farm.


A set of Proceedings (opens as a .pdf) highlighting publications and grants from CEFS-affiliated faculty was also published and distributed to attendees.

Thanks to everyone who made the event such a wonderful success, including Sustaining Sponsors
Southern Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (S-SARE) and North Carolina Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (NC-SARE),Guardian Sponsor AgCarolina Financial, and Cultivator Sponsors Southern Bank, Delight Foods and Cape Fear Farm Credit.

SARE logo

NC 10% Campaign:

New Partnerships, Exciting Growth



10% tomatoThe NC 10% Campaign -- which encourages all North Carolinians to spend 10% of their existing food dollars on locally grown and produced foods -- has taken off in 2012! The Campaign's website is now tracking over $16 million in local foods purchases by more than 4900 individuals and 600 businesses.


Partnerships are key to the NC 10% Campaign's success. In March, Lowes Foods -- a family-owned, Winston Salem-based chain of grocery stores -- announced that it was signing on as a major partner. "Lowes Foods represents the largest grocery chain to sign on to the 10% Campaign, with over one hundred stores in North Carolina alone" said Teisha Wymore, coordinator of the NC 10% Campaign.


In addition to what is featured in its produce aisles, Lowes Foods will offer local produce through its "Locally Grown Club", where customers can order boxes of fresh local produce online and pick them up in the grocery store.   Much like a community-supported agriculture (CSA) program, the boxes will include information about the farmers, recipes, and suggestions for how to prepare the fresh produce. 


The NC 10% Campaign remains committed to community engagement and outreach, as well. In May, Campaign staff kicked off a new series of local foods dinners called "Sunday Suppers" at Zely and Ritz in Raleigh. The events will benefit the Campaign's work to build a local food economy in North Carolina. The next "Sunday Supper" will be June 10 at Piedmont restaurant in Durham.


The NC 10% Campaign's message is also resonating at college campuses from the mountains to the coast.   UNC-Wilmington Campus Dining, UNC-Asheville Dining Services, UNC-Greensboro Dining Services, UNC-Charlotte, NC A&T School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, UNC-Pembroke Regional Center for Economic Development and North Carolina State University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences have all signed on as partners.


For more information, or to join the NC 10% Campaign, visit


  New at the CEFS Research Farm:
Composting Unit 



Composting demo
CEFS Research Associate Silvana Pietrosemoli shows off finished compost full of red wriggler worms.

CEFS' new Composting Unit is up and running!  Since 2011, CEFS has been composting waste products from the swine hoop houses and spreading the resulting compost on various fields across the research farm. The work is done by NCDA&CS farm  staff in cooperation with university researchers.

The goal of the Composting Unit is to demonstrate both large-scale and small-scale composting methods that are replicable in backyard gardens and commercial farming operations alike.  As CEFS continues to move forward with integrated livestock and cropping systems, composting will be an important part of on-farm nutrient management.

Students also conduct vermicomposting and other small-scale demonstrations from time to time. Vermicomposting uses worms in a biological system to break down waste and produce high-quality, nutrient-rich compost. Careful management is essential for this process, which offers significant potential not only as a composting process but also as an income-generating enterprise for producers. For the past two years, this work has been supervised by CEFS Research Associate Silvana Pietrosemoli. 

Dr. Yasmin Cardoza, a CEFS entomologist from NC State, and graduate student Amos Little have been researching the effects of vermicompost on insect plant resistance. They found that incorporating as little as 20 percent vermicompost in the soil can increase host plants' resistance against caterpillar and aphid pests, although further research is needed to determine the exact factors responsible for these effects. Their work was recently highlighted on the Southern SARE website.

Mission & History of CEFS

The Center for Environmental Farming Systems develops and promotes food and farming systems that protect the environment, strengthen local communities, and provide economic opportunities in North Carolina and beyond.

North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University established the Center for Environmental Farming Systems (CEFS) with the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services at the Cherry Farm facility near Goldsboro, NC in 1994. These partners work closely with state and federal agencies, non-governmental organizations, farmers, and citizens to provide agricultural research, extension, and education for our state.
The development of CEFS is a national model for partnership, innovation, and interdisciplinary cooperation.

To learn more about CEFS, please visit:

Center for Environmental Farming Systems
Box 7609 - NCSU
Raleigh, NC 27695