Issue 12, March 2011
bulletNanoNation Germany
bulletEvent: NanoVation New York
bulletInnovation: Fighting Cancer with Nanoparticles
bulletInterview: Reliable to the Nanometer - Prof. Dr. Bernd Michel
bulletPutting the Lead Back Into the (i)Pad and Pencil
bulletSewage Treatment in a Box for 100% Re-Usable Water
article1NanoNation Germany
Small particles, big business: nanotechnology has become an invisible part of our daily lives with a significant impact. From better-performing batteries to brighter energy-saving light sources, nanotechnology applications are evident in fuel and solar cells, water-purification systems, touchscreens, and even cancer treatment. With nearly 2000 players, Germany is the European frontrunner in both nano research and commercialization (to view a nanotechnology competency map, click here). On January 12, 2011, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) announced the new Nanotechnology Action Plan 2015 which will expand the 400 million euros provided for nanotechnology research funding in 2010. With the worldwide market volume estimated at over one trillion euros for 2015, nanotechnology is a powerful driver of innovation in Germany's High-Tech Strategy.
This issue of E-NNOVATION GERMANY presents current nano research and its application in Germany. Starting on April 13, after a discussion with nano experts from Germany and North America, nano art will be on display at the GCRI until June 10, 2011. For a definition of nanotechnology down to the nanoscale, we recommend a visit to the National Nanotechnology Initiative website

article2Event: NanoVation New York - Discovering the Invisible Frontier
Nanotechnology, the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale, is an innovative technology
 - but how does it affect our daily lives? Nanotech has been utilized to alleviate global problems we currently face, such as cutting-edge cancer treatments, water purification, and increased efficiency in energy technology. What future developments can we expect from this high-tech research? Join nanotechnology experts from Germany and North America as they discuss its current impact in the fields of energy, electronics, medicine, and science. Our panel will also address nanotechnology's application in the business sphere, bridging the gap between research and development.
Following the discussion, join us for the opening reception of the "NanoArt" exhibition, presented in collaboration with ConRuhr USA. This exhibition features nano images from laboratories at the Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CeNIDE), the Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM), the Center for NanoScience (CeNS) Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,  the University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr, the Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences (ISAS e.V.), and the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. For speaker and registration information, please click here.

article3Innovation: Fighting Cancer with Nanoparticles
Since its foundation in 1997, MagForce Nanotechnologies' vision has been to apply advanced nanomedicine to therapy innovation. Now, as the first company worldwide to receive European approval for a medical product using nanoparticles,  the company's NanoTherm® therapy is a novel method for the treatment of solid tumors. Well tolerated by patients, the specific focus of heat within the tumor spares the surrounding healthy tissue. NanoTherm® therapy has, therefore, the potential to establish itself, along with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, as an additional pillar of cancer treatment.
The principle of the NanoTherm® treatment is the use of nanoparticles containing ironoxide, which are injected into solid tumors in a procedure similar to a biopsy. The patient is then placed in a magnetic field applicator (Nano-ActivatorTM), a machine that produces an alternating magnetic field. Through this high frequency magnetic field, the nanoparticles begin to oscillate and warmth is produced from directly within the tumor tissue. Depending on the temperature reached and the length of treatment, the tumor cells are either destroyed or sensitized for the accompanying chemotherapy or radiation.
MagForce is currently preparing the NanoTherm® European product launch. In Germany, patient treatment will soon be introduced at the Charité Universitätsmedizin in Berlin. For more information on  this innovative cancer therapy, please click here.

Prof. Dr. Bernd Michel
article4Interview: Reliable to the Nanometer - Prof. Dr. Bernd Michel
For this issue's interview, the GCRI spoke with Prof. Dr. Bernd Michel about the impact and challenges of nanotechnology and his nanoreliability research. Prof. Michel, whose main areas of expertise are reliability, crack and fracture research in micro- and nanosystems, is the chair of several international conference series on material reliability in microsystem technology. He has published more than 400 papers on micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and micro/nanosystem reliability and will co-chair the Micro and Nano Reliability Symposium at the June Microtech Conference & Expo 2011 in Boston, MA. 
A founding member of the Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM Berlin and the Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems ENAS, Prof. Michel heads the Micro Material Center Chemnitz. He has been the president of the European Center for Micro- and Nanoreliability EUCEMAN since 2005. In addition to his research and review activities as a member of 40 scientific program committees in 18 countries, Prof. Michel is the editor in chief of the international journal Microsystem Technologies and editor of the Fraunhofer the series Micromaterials and Nanomaterials. Prof. Michel received the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Packaging Award in 2000 and the Fraunhofer Award in 2005. To read the interview, click here.

Fraunhofer Touchscreen
article5Putting the Lead Back Into the (i)Pad and Pencil - Touchscreens Made of Carbon
From the ATM and supermarket self-check out, to smartphones, MP3 players, PDAs, tablets and digicams, touchscreens have become an integral part of daily life. The mystery behind these gadgets is a wafer-thin electrode made of indiumtinoxide (ITO) under the glass surface of the display. Ideal for use in touchscreens, ITO is an excellent and transparent conductor of slight currents. The problem is there are very few deposits of indium anywhere in the world. Over time, the electronics manufacturers and their consumers may be affected by higher supplier prices.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA have succeeded in coming up with a new material that combines carbon nanotubes and low-cost polymers. The material, which is both on par with ITO and significantly cheaper, is an electrode foil of two layers. One layer is the carrier, made of polyethylenterephthalate PET, used for making plastic bottles. The other is a mixture of carbon-nanotubes and electrically conducting polymers. Although humidity, pressure, and UV light put a strain on the polymers involved, the carbon nanotubes provide long-term stability, making the screens durable.
With the unbeatable merits of high-availability, low-cost and renewability, a whole series of possible future implementations for the new technology exist. For more information, please click here.

ltN Naovation
article6Sewage Treatment in a Box for 100% Re-Usable Water
North America is a region with high rates of water consumption despite a shortage of fresh water in some areas in the U.S. To maintain the quantity and quality of the current drinking water supply, innovative, reliable, and easily-implemented purification techniques for wastewater systems are needed.
The Saarbrücken-based ItN Nanovation AG has become one of the leading water filtration companies worldwide by using nanotechnology to develop ceramic products and protective coatings for use in their systems. Founded in 2000, ltN Nanovation AG was recently selected as one of 365 landmarks in the "Germany - Land of Ideas" competition. This distinction recognizes their novel solution for sewage treatment challenges: specifically, a container treatment plant that combines an advanced biological process with the latest generation of membrane filtration using ltN's durable Ceramic Flat Membranes (CFM Systems). One hundred percent of water treated by the CFM System can be re-used; the purified water is germfree, clear and odorless, meeting even the stringent requirements of the EU directives for bathing water. The smallest container in the system, at 20 feet, can process 30,000 gallons of water per day with minimal power consumption. Suitable for any decentralized application, this "plug & play" sewage treatment is fully automatic, very compact and thus easily movable. For more information, please click here.