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Volume 2012, Issue 15April 25, 2012
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In This Issue
Calaveras River Juvenile Migration Monitoring
Stanislaus River Juvenile Migration Monitoring
Tuolumne River Juvenile Migration Monitoring
Mokelumne River Juvenile Migration Monitoring
San Joaquin River Juvenile Migration Monitoring
Stanislaus River Weir Adult Migration Monitoring
Tuolumne River Weir Adult Migration Monitoring
San Joaquin River Conditions
Delta Exports
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Pick and Gather at Riverdance Farms and Merced River Fair:  
June 2-3

National Conference on Engineering & Ecohydrology for Fish Passage:
June 5-7
 

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Key Highlights
April 2, 2012 - April 15, 2012

 

Calaveras River Juvenile Migration Monitoring continued at Shelton Road (RM 28) during the reporting period.A total of 49 O. mykiss were captured, increasing the season total to 437. A total of 62 Chinook salmon were also captured, bringing the season total to 276.

 

Stanislaus River Juvenile Migration Monitoring continued at Oakdale (RM 40) during the reporting period. A total of 6,348 Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 22,429. Two O. mykiss were captured, increasing the season total to 21. Monitoring at Caswell State Park (RM 8) continued during the reporting period. A total of 138 Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 295.

 

Tuolumne River Juvenile Migration Monitoring continued at Waterford (RM 30) during the reporting period. A total of 343 Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 3,195. Monitoring at Grayson (RM 5) continued during the reporting period. A total of 22 Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 35. No O. mykiss have been captured this season at Waterford or Grayson.

 

Mokelumne River Juvenile Migration Monitoring continued at Vino Farms (RM 54) during the reporting period. A total of 61 Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 12,348. Eight O. mykiss were captured, increasing the season total to 34. Monitoring at the Bypass trap (RM 38) continued during the reporting period and two Chinook salmon were captured. Monitoring at Golf (RM 38) continued on April 13. A total of 6 Chinook salmon were captured during the reporting period, increasing the season total to 879.

 

San Joaquin River Juvenile Migration Monitoring. On April 2 the California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG) initiated Kodiak Trawling on the San Joaquin River near Mossdale.

 

Stanislaus River Weir Monitoring ended during the reporting period because flows were increased (>1,500 cfs) to meet the requirements of the biological opinion. No Chinook salmon passed upstream through the weir during the reporting period. The season total remains at 818. During the reporting period one O. mykiss passed upstream through the weir, increasing the season total to 82.

 

Tuolumne River Weir Monitoring continued during the reporting period. A total of six Chinook salmon passed upstream through the weir, increasing the season total to 2,879. No O. mykiss passed upstream through the weir during the reporting period. Season total remains at 11.

 

San Joaquin River Conditions. San Joaquin River flow at Vernalis ranged from 1,596 cfs to 3,085 cfs. Daily average water temperature in the San Joaquin River ranged from 57.1F to 61.4F at Vernalis, and from 58.3F to 62.1F at Mossdale. Daily average dissolved oxygen (DO) in the San Joaquin River ranged from 10.2 mg/L to 11.9 mg/L at Mossdale, and from 7.9 mg/L to 12.4 mg/L in the deep-water ship channel (measured at Rough 'n Ready Island).

 

Delta Exports. Combined total exports (state and federal pumps) fluctuated during the reporting period, ranging from 1,092 cfs to 3,573 cfs.

2011/12 Calaveras River Juvenile Migration Monitoring 

The Calaveras River rotary screw trap at Shelton Road (RM 28) sampled 12 days between April 2 and April 15. A total of 49 O. mykiss were captured, increasing the  season total to 437. Daily catch ranged from 1 to 12 individuals (Figure 1). Average forklengths and weights for 226 O. mykiss are provided in Table 1. A majority of the O. mykiss measured were YOY (<100 mm), and were rated as fry (n=30) and parr (n=12), but Age 1+ (100-299 mm) were also observed, and were rated as silvery parr (n=3) and smolt (n=2).

A total of 62 Chinook salmon were captured during the reporting period, increasing the season total to 276.Daily catch ranged between 0 and 19 Chinook (Figure 2). Most of the Chinook salmon measured were parr (n=37) but fry (n=3) and smolt (n=21) were also observed and average forklengths and weights are provided in Table 1.

 

Daily average combined flows from New Hogan Dam (NHG) and Cosgrove Creek (COS) fluctuated between 75 cfs and 380 cfs, and at Bellota (MRS) flows ranged from 21 cfs to 584 cfs (Figure 3).Instantaneous water temperatures recorded at the trap ranged from 48.9F to 55.0F, and turbidity ranged from 0.89 NTU to 68.00 NTU.

Table 1. Biosampling data for salmonids captured at Shelton Road (RM 28) between April 2 and April 15, 2012. Parenthesis indicates range.
 
Calaveras Catch

 

O. mykiss catch 

Figure 1. Daily O. mykiss catch at Shelton Road between October 15, 2011, and April 15, 2012.

  

O. mykiss catch  

  

Figure 2. Daily Chinook salmon catch at Shelton Road between October 15, 2011, and April 15, 2012.


  

O. mykiss catch 


Figure 3. Daily Calaveras River flows recorded at New Hogan Dam and Cosgrove Creek combined (NHG + COS) and at Bellota (MRS) and turbidity recorded at the trap between October 15, 2011, and April 15, 2012.


2011/12 Stanislaus River Juvenile Migration Monitoring

The Stanislaus River rotary screw trap at Oakdale (RM 40) sampled continuously between April 2 thru April 15. A total of 6,348 Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 22,429. Daily catch ranged between 45 and 2,322 Chinook (Figure 4). Most of the Chinook salmon measured were parr (n=544), but fry (n=40) and smolt (n=346) were also observed. Average forklengths and weights of all measured Chinook salmon are provided in Table 2. 

 

Two O. mykiss was captured during the reporting period, increasing the season total to 21.  

 

Table 2. Biosampling data for salmonids captured and measured at Oakdale (RM 40) between April 2 and April 15, 2012.


 

Two trap efficiency experiments were conducted with naturally spawned juvenile Chinook salmon marked caudal fin green (CFG). Preliminary estimates of capture efficiency are provided in Table 3.

 

Table 3. Trap efficiency tests conducted at Oakdale (RM 40) between April 2 and April 15, 2012.
Efficency Test

 

Daily average flows at Goodwin Dam (GDW) ranged from 716 cfs to 2,013 cfs, and at Ripon (RIP) ranged from 408 cfs to 1,726 cfs. Instantaneous water temperatures taken at the trap ranged from 50.5F to 58.1F, and turbidity ranged from 1.01 NTU to 3.38 NTU.

Oakdale Flow

Figure 4. Daily Chinook salmon catch at Oakdale (RM 40) and daily average Stanislaus River flows at Goodwin Dam (GDW) and Ripon (RIP) between January 1, 2012, and April 15, 2012.


The Stanislaus River rotary screw trap at Caswell State Park (RM 8)
operated continuously between April 2 and April 15. A total of 138 juvenile Chinook salmon were captured during the reporting period, increasing the season total to 295. Daily average flow at Ripon (RIP) ranged from 408 cfs to 1,726 cfs.

2012 Tuolumne River Juvenile Migration Monitoring 

  

The Tuolumne River rotary screw trap at Waterford (RM 30) operated continuously between April 2 thru April 15. A total of 343 juvenile Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total to 3,195. Daily catch ranged between 1 and 97 Chinook (Figure 5). Average forklengths and weights of all measured Chinook salmon are provided in Table 4. Most of the Chinook salmon measured were smolt (n=160), but fry (n=2) and parr (n=122) were also observed.

  

No O. mykiss were captured, and the season total remains at zero.


Table 4. Biosampling data for Chinook salmon captured and measured at Waterford (RM 30) between April 2 and April 15, 2012. Parentheses indicate range.


  

Two trap efficiency experiments were conducted with naturally spawned juvenile Chinook salmon marked caudal fin orange (CFO). Preliminary estimates of capture efficiency are provided in Table 5.

  

Table 5. Trap efficiency tests conducted at Waterford (RM 30) between April 2 and April 15, 2012.

  

Daily average flows at La Grange (LGN) were relatively stable, between 236 cfs and 317 cfs. Instantaneous water temperatures taken at the trap ranged from 54.3F to 58.2F, and turbidity ranged from 0.45 NTU to 9.48 NTU.

Tuolumne Flow

Figure 5. Daily Chinook salmon catch at Waterford (RM 30) and daily average Tuolumne River flows at La Grange (LGN) and Modesto (MOD) between December 1, 2011, and April 15, 2012.

 

The Tuolumne River rotary screw traps at Grayson (RM 5) operated continuously between April 2 and April 15. A total of 22 Chinook salmon were captured during the reporting period, increasing the season total to 35. Daily catch ranged between 0 and 8 Chinook (Figure 6). Average forklengths and weights of all measured Chinook salmon are provided in Table 6. All Chinook salmon captured were smolt (n=22).

 

No O. mykiss were captured, and the season total remains at zero.


Table 6. Biosampling data for Chinook salmon captured and measured at Grayson (RM 5) between April 2 and April 15, 2012. Parentheses indicate range.

Tuolumne Flow 

 

No trap efficiency experiments were conducted.

 

Daily average flow at Modesto (MOD) was stable during the reporting period, ranging between 420 cfs and 643 cfs. Instantaneous water temperatures taken at the trap ranged from 56.8F to 63.6F, and turbidity ranged from 0.83 NTU to 38.50 NTU.

Grayson Catch
Figure 6. Daily Chinook salmon catch at Grayson and Tuolumne River flow recorded at La Grange (LGN) and Modesto (MOD) between January 1 and April 15, 2012.

2011/12 Mokelumne River Juvenile Migration Monitoring

 

The Mokelumne River rotary screw trap at Vino Farms (RM 54) sampled intermittently between April 2 and April 15. A total of 61 juvenile Chinook salmon were captured, bringing the season total to 12,348. Daily catch ranged between 2 and 15 Chinook (Figure 7).

  

Eight O. mykiss were captured, increasing the season total to 34.

 

Daily average flows from Camanche Reservoir (CMN) were stable, ranging from 245 cfs to 254 cfs. Instantaneous water temperatures ranged between 52.2F and 54.3F, and instantaneous turbidity ranged between 2.18 NTU and 5.17 NTU.

Vino Catch

Figure 7. Daily juvenile Chinook catch at Vino Farms (RM 54) and daily average Mokelumne River flows at Camanche Reservoir (CMN) between December 1, 2011, and April 15, 2012.

 

The Mokelumne River Bypass trap (RM 38) sampled intermittently between April 2 and April 15. Two juvenile Chinook salmon were captured during the reporting period.

 

No O. mykiss were captured during the reporting period.

 

Daily average flows recorded at Woodbridge (WBR) ranged from 153 cfs to 207 cfs (Figure 8). Instantaneous water temperatures ranged between 57.4F and 59.9F, and turbidity ranged between 1.99 NTU and 3.86 NTU.

 

Golf Catch  

Figure 8. Daily juvenile Chinook catch at the Bypass trap (RM 38) and daily average Mokelumne River flows at Woodbridge (WBR), between March 1, 2012, and April 15, 2012.

 

The Mokelumne River rotary screw trap at Golf (RM 38) began on April 13. A total of 6 juvenile Chinook salmon were captured, increasing the season total of 879 (Figure 9).

 

No O. mykiss were captured during the reporting period. Season total remains at 144. (Note: 135 were identified as hatchery origin).

Golf Catch
Figure 9. Daily juvenile Chinook catch at the rotary screw trap at Golf (RM 38) and daily average Mokelumne River flows at Woodbridge (WBR), between December 15, 2011, and April 15, 2012.

2012 San Joaquin River Juvenile Migration Monitoring

On April 2 the California Department of Fish and Game initiated Kodiak Trawling on the San Joaquin River near Mossdale (i.e. the Mossdale Trawl). Ten days (ten tows per day) of trawling were conducted between April 2 and April 15. A total of 506 juvenile Chinook salmon were captured. Catch ranged between 9 and 152 Chinook per 10 tows (Figure 10).

 

Oakdale Flow

Figure 10. Chinook salmon catch (per 10 tows) at the Mossdale Trawl and San Joaquin River flow recorded by Vernalis (VNS), 2012.


2011 Stanislaus River Weir Adult Migration Monitoring   

  

Due to an increase in flow (>1,500 cfs) that exceeds the operational capacity of the weir (ie, ability to remain afloat), the resistance boards and barrels that assist flotation were removed on April 3. The Vaki Riverwatcher detected a total of 818 Chinook salmon passing upstream of the Stanislaus River Weir since November 8.

 

One O. mykiss was detected passing upstream of the weir, increasing the season total to 82. The adipose fins of hatchery origin O. mykiss are clipped before release. The O. mykiss observed during the reporting period was positively identified as naturally spawned origin. The season totals for passage of O. mykiss are 53 hatchery origin, 15 natural spawned origin, and 14 that could not be determined.

 

Other fish passing upstream of the weir included 3 Striped bass and 257 Sacramento suckers (Table 7).

 

Daily average flows in the Stanislaus River at Goodwin Dam (GDW; RM 58) were stable, between 301 cfs and 402 cfs (Figure 11). Flows at Ripon (RIP; RM 15) fluctuated between 344 cfs and 405 cfs. Note: flows downstream of Goodwin Dam may differ from dam releases due to irrigation, precipitation and other factors. Instantaneous water temperature measured at the weir ranged between 53.7˚F and 60.4˚F, and daily average water temperature at Ripon (RPN; RM 15) ranged between 53.0˚F and 61.4˚F (Figure 12). Instantaneous turbidity at the weir ranged between 1.08 NTU and 5.77 NTU (Figure 13). Instantaneous dissolved oxygen at the weir ranged between 10.87 mg/L and 12.66 mg/L, and daily average dissolved oxygen at Ripon (RPN; RM 15) ranged from 8.39 mg/L to 9.70 mg/L (Figure 14).

 

Table 7. Net passage counts for all species between April 2 and April 15, 2012, at the Stanislaus River weir (RM 31).

Chinook Passage 
Flow
Figure 11. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Stanislaus River weir in relation to daily average flows (cfs) recorded in the Stanislaus River at Goodwin (GDW) and Ripon (RIP), September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.

Water Temperature

Figure 12. Daily upstream Chinook passage recorded at the Stanislaus River weir in relation to instantaneous water temperature recorded at the weir, and daily average water temperature recorded in the Stanislaus River at Ripon (RPN), and in the San Joaquin River at Vernalis (VER), Mossdale (MSD) and Rough & Ready (RRI), September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.

 

Turbidity

Figure 13. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Stanislaus River weir in relation to instantaneous turbidity recorded at the weir, September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.



Dissolved Oxygen

Figure 14. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Stanislaus River weir in relation to instantaneous dissolved oxygen recorded at the weir, and daily average dissolved oxygen recorded in the Stanislaus River at Ripon (RPN), and in the San Joaquin River at Mossdale (MSD) and Rough & Ready (RRI), September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.


2011 Tuolumne River Weir Adult Migration Monitoring

 

The Tuolumne River Weir and Vaki Riverwatcher (RM 22) sampled continuously between April 2 and April 15. A total of six Chinook salmon were detected as they passed upstream of the weir, increasing the season total to 2,879. Daily passage ranged between zero and three Chinook salmon.

 

No O. mykiss were detected passing upstream of the weir during the reporting period. The season total remains at 11.

 

Other fish passing upstream of the weir included 43 carp and 282 Sacramento suckers (Table 8).

 

Daily average flows in the Tuolumne River ranged from 236 cfs to 320 cfs at La Grange (LGN; RM 50) and from 420 cfs to 643 cfs at Modesto (MOD; RM 17). Note: flows downstream of La Grange may be higher than dam releases due to accretion and Dry Creek inflows (Figure 15). Instantaneous water temperatures measured at the weir ranged from 57.0˚F and 61.5˚F and daily average water temperatures at Modesto ranged from 57.6˚F and 61.3˚F (Figure 16). Instantaneous turbidity at the weir ranged between 1.01 NTU and 2.58 NTU (Figure 17), and dissolved oxygen ranged between 10.20 mg/L and 11.90 mg/L (Figure 18).

 

Table 8. Net passage counts for all species between April 2 and April 15, 2012 at the Tuolumne River (RM 22).
Tuolumne Cummulative YTD Table

  

Tuolumne Cummulative YTD Table

Figure 15. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Tuolumne River weir in relation to daily average flows (cfs) recorded in the Tuolumne River at La Grange (LGN) and Modesto (MOD), and in the San Joaquin River at Maze Road Bridge (MRB) and Vernalis (VNS), September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.

 

Passage and Temperature

 

Figure 16. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Tuolumne River weir in relation to instantaneous water temperature recorded at the weir, and daily average water temperature recorded in the Tuolumne River at Modesto (MOD) and in the San Joaquin River at Maze Road Bridge (MRB), Vernalis (VER), Mossdale (MSD) and Rough & Ready (RRI), September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.

Passage And Turbidity

 

Figure 17. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Tuolumne River weir in relation to instantaneous turbidity recorded at the weir, September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.

 

Passage and Dissolved Oxygen

 

Figure 18. Daily upstream Chinook passage at the Tuolumne River weir in relation to instantaneous dissolved oxygen recorded at the weir, and daily average dissolved oxygen recorded in the San Joaquin River at Mossdale (MSD) and Rough & Ready (RRI), September 1, 2011 and April 15, 2012.



San Joaquin River Conditions 

During the reporting period, flow in the San Joaquin River at Vernalis ranged from 1,596 cfs to 3,085 cfs (Figure 19). Daily average water temperature in the San Joaquin River ranged from 57.1F to 61.4F at Vernalis, from 58.3F to 62.1F at Mossdale, and from 58.7F to 61.1F at Rough 'n Ready Island (Figure 20). Daily average dissolved oxygen (DO) in the San Joaquin River fluctuated from 10.2 mg/L to 11.9 mg/L at Mossdale, and from 7.9 mg/L to 12.4 mg/L in the deep-water ship channel (measured at Rough 'n Ready Island; Figure 21).

 

Flow

 

Figure 19. San Joaquin River flow at Vernalis from April 1, 2011, through April 15, 2012.

 

 

Temperature  

Figure 20. San Joaquin River daily average water temperature at Vernalis, Mossdale, and Rough 'n Ready from April 1, 2011, through April 15, 2012.

   

Dissolved Oxygen 

Figure 21. San Joaquin River daily average dissolved oxygen at Mossdale and Rough 'n Ready, from April 1, 2011, through April 15, 2012.


Delta Exports

Mean daily pumping at the C.W. Jones Pumping Plant (federal pumps previously known as Tracy Pumping Plant) ranged from 813 cfs to 1,371 cfs (Figure 22). Mean daily pumping at the Harvey O. Banks Pumping Plant (state pumps) ranged from 275 cfs to 2,202 cfs. Combined total exports (state and federal pumps) fluctuated during this reporting period, ranging from 1,092 cfs to 3,573 cfs.

Exports

Figure 22. Daily exports at the state and federal pumping stations from April 1, 2011, through April 15, 2012.


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Data Disclaimer:  The data displayed on the FISHBIO website are courtesy of California Department of Fish & Game (CDFG), U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), Tri-dam, Turlock Irrigation District (TID), Modesto Irrigation District (MID), East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) and FISHBIO.  Data are intended to be current, but are preliminary and are not guaranteed to be accurate.  Source data compiled and provided by FISHBIO, from whom further information can be obtained.  Use or reproduction of this data is prohibited without prior permission.