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Tufts Environmental Alumni (TEA)
4th Edition - May 2010
In this issue:
Book Review: Following the Water
An Interview with Bruce Klafter
Reflections on Tufts Environmental Literary Institute
Environmental Research on Campus
Workshop: Climate Change and Public Health in the Arctic
TIE Alumni Weekend Open House and Buffet Brunch!
TIE Intern Making Changes on Campus

TIE Program Director Antje DanielsonWhen our last newsletter went out, there was snow on the ground, and now we have bright sunshine and the students have almost all left campus for the summer. As always, we've been engaged in a steady stream of activities over the last three months. Below, you will read about the visit and presentation of your fellow alumnus Bruce Klafter (E'76), our workshop addressing climate change and health in the Arctic (with participation from alumna Cheryl Rosa), and the ExCollege class taught by TIE intern Dallase Scott and Office of Sustainability Coordinator Tina Woolston. You will also get a feel for some ongoing environmental activities at Tufts, such as the research in Professor Robbat's lab in the Chemistry department and the annual Tufts Environmental Literacy Institute, held in the week following Commencement.

However, in this issue I would like to highlight the achievements of some of the students at TIE and in the WSSS program. One of our interns, Dallase Scott, received a Tufts Graduate Student Award this spring, and Georgia Kayser, a PhD candidate in the WSSS program, will receive the Dow Sustainability Award for her work on water and sanitation in Central America on May 26. Meanwhile, several of our graduating staff members are preparing to launch exciting new careers. Dallase has signed on as Behavioral Change Program Manager with Energy Climate Solutions, a young Boston-based company that helps colleges and universities on their path to sustainability. Stephen MacLellan, our program assistant, will be starting a new job as a teacher in a combined 1st-/2nd-grade classroom at the Graham and Parks School in Cambridge in the fall. Finally, Sarah Yoss, one of our undergraduate interns, has been recommended for a placement with the Peace Corps next year. Please let us know about open positions you have or know about so we can post them for the benefit of other graduating students.

WSSS SymposiumTIE co-sponsored two student-run conferences this spring. On April 16 and 17, the Tufts Energy Forum held its fifth annual energy conference, which has become a major event in the renewable energy arena. On May 1, we hosted the first annual Water: Systems, Science and Society symposium, which featured student research presentations and panel discussions with development and climate change adaptation experts. The symposium attracted eighty participants from throughout New England for a day of very interesting presentations. Congratulations to both teams! If you are interested in energy or water issues, watch out for the return of these events next spring.

We recently announced the appointment of 10 new TIE research fellows, representing six of the graduate schools at Tufts. You'll find descriptions of their projects below and on our website. TIE Fellows typically receive funding between $1,500 and $6,000 that allows them to conduct independent research projects in the areas of climate and energy, health and the environment, or water issues. In this way we have supported many very successful students over the years. We also created a new fellowship program for students in the WSSS program, through which we were able to fund an additional eight student projects. If you would like to learn more about how to support one of next year's fellows, please contact me at antje.danielson@tufts.edu.

Those of you who were environmental studies majors at Tufts may be interested to hear about an upcoming change of leadership in the program. Professor George Ellmore, the much-loved long-time director of the program, will retire from the directorship this coming fall. Professor Colin Orians of the Biology department will succeed him in this role. We wish to thank Professor Ellmore for his service to and amazing leadership in so many environmental programs, and we wish Professor Orians all the best as new director.

If you live in the Boston area or are visiting in the fall, you might be interested in an upcoming exhibition at the Tufts University Art Gallery from September 9 to November 14, 2010. The exhibition, called "Renovating Walden," will contain a six-"room" installation that explores the meanings, readings, and mis-readings that Henry David Thoreau's Walden has spawned. Participants in a graduate seminar/studio course with selected Tufts students will prepare the exhibition over the summer in a three-week residency at Mildred's Lane in Pennsylvania. Tufts faculty will use the exhibition for open class sessions, which we hope will create a vibrant environment for interdisciplinary exploration.

Some of you may be on campus for Commencement this year, and I hope you will stop in for a buffet brunch during our open house at TIE (rear garden level of Miller Hall) on Saturday, May 22, from 11 AM to 1 PM. I would love to continue conversations with those of you who attended the alumni dinner last fall or greet people I haven't met yet.

Until then,

Antje Danielson
Tufts Institute of the Environment 

Book Review: Of Water, Turtles and Literature


Following the Water: A Hydromancer's Notebook (2009) By David M. Carroll, SMFA'65

Reviewed by Regina Raboin, Science and Urban and Environmental Policy & Planning Librarian, Reference & Instruction Tisch Library, Tufts University

The water's not too distant from where I live in North Central Massachusetts and though considered just a "swamp" by many; David Carroll's wetland mosaic is an example of beautiful ecosystems being destroyed by the deleterious changes in Earth's ecology.
I discovered David M. Carroll's (Tufts Alum, SMFA'65) book, Following the Water: A Hydromancer's Notebook (Houghton Mifflin 2009) in Tufts Magazine (Winter 2010) and thought it would be a wonderful title to review for TIE's newsletter.

Mr. Carroll immediately drew me into his world with his illustrations. I was entranced by his detailed drawings of the wetlands near his home in Warner, NH, where for over thirty years he eagerly anticipates the inaugural signs of spring, documenting first turtle sightings and changes to this wetland brought upon by natural and human intervention. He tells the tale of our ecology through the turtles inhabiting these wetlands, lovingly yet precisely documenting and explaining their behavior and how their ecological niche is disappearing. His writing is affecting, poetic, drawing the reader into his world of naturalist and field biologist.  These turtle documentations are windows into how our environment is changing through unchecked development, poor land stewardship and environmental ignorance.
I was moved by Mr. Carroll's descriptions of the wetland's seasons, his sighting of the first turtle, and how the wind and water moved through this glacial leftover. In describing a turtle's first breath since winter, he equates it to all creatures: "For the moment I think of all the living breaths that have been taken in the world." He laments an otter's presence in this ecosystem, yet understands that this is the natural order: "I am familiar with reports by others who study turtles of heavy losses on colonies...by otters preying upon them during their hibernation."
Threads of Thoreau, Carson and Burroughs echo through the book and Carroll makes clear that our species is responsible for the loss of natural landscape: "The species that came to invent wealth created poverty, for its own kind as well as for the natural landscape." He advocates "moving beyond stewardship and conservation to preservation," recognizing that his isn't always the most popular view.  Although he understands the call for "getting out of the house and away from electronic pastimes," he clearly states that open spaces and multi-use conservation lands are not "true preserves" in providing sanctuary for ecologies; the landscape loses more natural space and thus, its meaning.
Regina Raboin
Regina Raboin
Mr. Carroll "follows the water," describing its flow, how it molds the species and land around it - reminding us that through our neglect and unwillingness to "know at least the place where one lives," we are stripping the Earth of "all original meaning". This book isn't just for TIE - this is a book for the entire Tufts Community.
Following the Water: A Hydromancer's Notebook and Mr. Carroll's other works can be found in Tisch Library by doing an Author search in the Tufts Catalog.

David Carroll will be doing an Author Talk, sponsored by the Friends of Tufts Libraries, for Parent's Weekend, Friday October 22, 2010, 3:30-5, Hirsh Reading Room, Tisch Library.

Bruce1Alumni Profile: Bruce Klafter, E'76
by Libby Mahaffy, G'10

Tufts Alumni Bruce Klafter recently visited campus from his home in California's Silicon Valley to lead a roundtable discussion on sustainability in the corporate world. After the event, TIE intern Libby Mahaffy spoke with him about Tufts, his professional life, and the future of sustainability.
LM: How has what you learned at Tufts lead you to what you're doing currently?
BK: I'm presently the head of environmental health and safety (EHS) for my com
pany, Applied Materials, as well as head of corporate responsibility and sustainability. Essentially, I expanded my role from the traditional EHS discipline to cover external reporting, carbon footprinting, energy efficiency and a variety of related topics, such as facilitating a green supply chain management initiative. 

To go back to my time at Tufts, I started out as a civil engineer, but decided that was not exactly the career I wanted to pursue. So, with the help of my advisors, I elected to create an interdisciplinary major for myself; basically, I studied urban and environmental planning from that point on. I was able to take courses in all kinds of departments: biology, geology, political science, statistics, and additional engineering classes. Ever since then I've been a firm believer in the value of interdisciplinary education. There were times when I've wished I had a greater degree of expertise in particular areas, but in the environmental field, the problem-solving is often interdisciplinary. [My Tufts] background has served me well and I look back very fondly on my time here.
BK at CopenhagenLM: How is it that you've come to create these interdisciplinary situations for yourself and now your company?
BK: It's a good lesson in life to des
ire to learn something and then to seek out opportunities applying that knowledge. I counsel people in my group, on my team, and elsewhere in the company to do just that -- their job might not encompass a particular function right now but they can still learn about it and eventually start to pick up some responsibilities. You also need a strategic perspective on things; you have to spot larger issues and trends; you have to set out to learn something about a critical issue and to follow the developments in those areas. You won't always succeed in making [what you've learned] part of your job, but you will be enriching your professional knowledge, and variety is the spice of life when it comes to your working life.
LM: With the idea of a strategic perspective, where do you see your field going in the next 10 years?

I think it's going to explode! I've already seen tremendous growth in the field. There's a lot of discussion in the corporate world about sustainability; companies are beginning to recognize that this is very strategic; there is a business case for it because of the many benefits. Whether you consider it to be interdisciplinary, cross functional, or a separate discipline, it's not a skill set that a lot of people had five years ago, and certainly not ten years ago. Ten years from now I think there will be many skilled people coming at sustainability from different directions.

Klafter2One of the interesting things about sustainability is that there's no single profile for a Chief Sustainability Officer -- or anybody else working in the area for that matter - because it involves communication, it involves employee engagement -- which was traditionally thought to be part of human resources -- it involves compliance, it involves law and engineering, it involves design to create better products, and now it involves energy management and energy efficiency.

A lot of schools, Tufts included, are putting tremendous focus on it, not only in environmental programs, but throughout the school. I wish those programs existed when I was in school, but... [laughs]. I've been fortunate to catch up in my professional life.
LM: What do you feel is your greatest achievement in your professional life?

In my time at Applied Materials, I'm certainly most proud of initiating a lot of the programs that are just starting to mature now, such as our carbon reduction plan and expanded reporting. I think it was my ability to spot issues and to set things in motion, bring people together and then use my communication and organizational skills to get teams working on the best ideas. Even in the largest company, if you have one person with a good idea, you can make that a reality -- you just have to find a sponsor or get it off the ground if you've got that kind of control yourself, and then sometimes the company will catch up with you. Hopefully people will remember me as having done [those things] in a good-natured way [laughs] without being overbearing, which is sometimes a problem in the corporate world.
LM: What advice would you give to a Tufts student in the environmental or planning fields?

worldOne of the things I benefited from later on in my career was having had some government experience. I also worked with private companies for a while before I joined one. Having a diversity of experience is very helpful. During my educational career, I did internships virtually every year. Internships really tell you a lot about whether or not you would actually want to work that kind of job full time, whether you're going to fit in, whether you like the culture, whether it's fulfilling, and so on. Students need to get a number of experiences under their belts and it's helpful to have a plan. Ask yourself, "If my objective in 5,10 or 20 years from now is to have a certain type of position, what kind of skills and experiences do I need to get there?" Even for people who are seasoned professionals, it's never too late to learn something new and there are many ways to do it.
LM: What hurdles do you face in this kind of work?

What you deal with inside many companies is just competing priorities -- there are just so many things going on, sometimes it's hard to argue that the company should be undertaking something brand-new where the payoff is unclear. I'm trying to establish some new governance mechanisms within the company in the sustainability area and I've been rebuffed because of competing priorities. I'm not going to push so hard that I make enemies, but I'm going to keep at it until I prevail, [laughs] which I'm sure will eventually be the case.

Click here to read Bruce Klafter's Applied Materials blog!
Are you interested in holding a roundtable discussion on campus like Bruce did?  If you are or would like to organize anything with TEA or TIE, please send an e-mail to environmental-alumni@tufts.edu!
Chiyo Crawford
Reflections on Tufts Environmental Literacy Institute (TELI)
By Chiyo Crawford, G'12

Chiyo Crawford is a PhD candidate at the Tufts Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and Engineering, majoring in English.  Chiyo is a 2010-2011 TIE Fellow and participated in TELI in May, 2009.

It would not be an overstatement to say that the Tufts Environmental Literacy Institute (TELI) changed my life.  I've always considered myself an environmentally conscious person, but it wasn't until I attended TIE's faculty development workshop on Climate Change and Climate Justice last June that I began to truly understand the seriousness of the environmental crisis we are now facing.  Even though an important part of TELI was learning all the depressing facts of global warming and environmental injustice (the disproportionate burden carried by people of color, women, and the poor through unfair environmental practices and policies), what I took away was not a sense of doom but the feeling that I can and must take action to protect the environment and all of us who live in it-and that this action can begin with something as small as reading Rachel Carson's Silent Spring in the classroom.
Chiyo (far left) at TELI 2009
Chiyo at TELI
I am an English grad student and instructor at Tufts, and at first I wasn't sure how I would participate in what seemed to be a science-dominated effort to save the environment.  Yet since TELI, I have incorporated issues of climate change and climate justice in my teaching of writing, and I now devote my research to literature on and issues of environmental justice.  My dissertation, "Toward an Eco-Antiracist Literary Criticism: Urban Space, Environmental Justice and Twentieth-Century American Literature," argues that literature plays an important role in the environmental movement by shaping human values that are crucial for change.  This semester I am teaching an expository writing course with the theme "Nature and Writing."  I am utilizing the information and skills I acquired from TELI by designing assignments around environmental issues and questions of place and social responsibility. For a final group project my students will research an on-campus problem concerning environmental justice and propose a solution to that problem.  The students will collaborate as a group, conducting research and composing letters (to peers and administrators at Tufts) arguing for their proposed solution. 
I assign my students to do group work because I have learned that this kind of work is necessary to achieve change.  Through TELI and other events at TIE I have met people from academic fields and backgrounds very different from my own, and yet we come together with a shared goal and offer each other intellectual, emotional, and material support.  TIE continues to support interdisciplinary research and as a person from the humanities I have learned a lot working alongside scientists, psychologists, and economists in the fight for environmental preservation and social justice.  I hope that in turn I have shed some light on the importance of human values in the environmental debate as well as literature's power to document, illustrate, arouse, and instruct toward a more just and humane society for all peoples on this earth.
2010 Institute

The 2010 TELI workshop is now accepting applications! Visit the TELI 2010 webpage to learn more or apply.
Robbat Research Group
Department of Chemistry
Pearson Chemistry Laboratory

Environmental Research on Campus: Robbat Research Group

By Robbat Research Group Phd Students, Patrick Antle, G'13 and Amanda Kowalsick, G'13

The Robbat Research Group aims to improve human and environmental health through the development of analytical instruments, sampling tools, and data analysis software to analyze very complex samples from foods, beverages, flavorings, and herbal products used as health remedies.  We focus on two issues: 1) peoples' likes and dislikes and 2) the detection of pesticides and other environmental pollutants. 
Ensuring Product Authenticity
Most people never think about the chemicals that contribute to their sensory perception of the food they eat or the beverages they drink, only whether they like or dislike what they taste or smell. Oils extracted from botanicals are often used to enhance food, beverages, cosmetics, and perfumes. These essential oils give rise to the aromas and flavors that shape consumers' experiences of products. Many consumers give credence to health claims that certain plants and essential oils provide benefits to treat minor conditions and illnesses. A popular example is the much-touted immunity-boosting effect of Echinacea. What most people do not realize is that the potency of this effect varies significantly depending upon which of the nine Echinacea species the essential oil is made from, whether the oil is extracted from the roots or the Bottlewhole plant, and the type of method used in the extraction process. 
We don't yet know whether sensory perceptions and pharmaceutical benefits are directly linked to the properties of a single compound or, more likely, to combinations of compounds present in a product. Essential oils contain several hundred organic compounds, which makes product profiling extremely complex-particularly the identification and quantification of individual components, whose presence may contribute significantly from a sensory or health perspective.
The food and flavor industries currently use sensory advisor boards-trained individuals who determine product quality based on smell-for product quality assurance. At the Robbat Lab, we're using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to analyze the complex essential oils that sensory panels detect in order to help us understand the components that correlate to particular sensory properties in food and flavor products. We recently discovered that, by using these analytical techniques, it is possible to chemically differentiate between good ("fresh") and poor ("tainted") samples of juniper berry essential oils. Our goal is to establish a method to test products' authenticity in order to protect consumers from being misled.
Detecting Pesticides in Food
The aLemonsdverse health effects of pesticide exposure in humans - including birth defects, nerve damage, and cancer - are well-documented.  However, these deleterious effects depend not only on the toxicity of the pesticide in question, but also on the amount of the pesticide consumed.  The EPA sets limits on the levels of pesticides that may be used on food during farming and processing, and how much of these substances may remain on food upon reaching the market.  In order to ensure consumer welfare, it is vitally important to have rapid, accurate, and inexpensive means of analyzing the type and amount of pesticides in foods and beverages.  Much like in essential oil analysis, the detection of pesticides in foods is complicated by the large number of interfering compounds present in each sample.  We hope to employ the technologies developed in our laboratory to enable faster and more accurate analysis of pesticides in these products. 
Measuring Pollutants in Soil and Groundwater
The EPA estimates that more than 30,000 manufactured gas plants (MGP) in the US require remediation, with cleanup costs reaching $86 million for some sites.  Siteowners, state and federal regulators, and consultants need better technologies and processes to characterize and monitor hazardous waste sites.  Real-time chemical detection would dramatically increase data volume and provide increased confidence that site-specific conceptual models would accurately depict contaminant type, location, and rate of movement. 
SickWe are developing a cutting-edge chemical sensor to detect and identify hazardous materials in real-time. This system, known as the thermal extraction and detection system (TEDS), will thermally desorb and/or extract samples of organic pollutants from soil or groundwater and provide on-line continuous detection of environmental pollutants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), chlorinated solvents, biphenyls (PCBs), and pesticides.
TEDS is currently the only technology that can completely profile the subsurface as the sensor is advanced from the surface to bedrock. Chemical information from TEDS' sensors can be combined with geological and hydrogeological data from the subsurface to develop timely and accurate site conceptual models.   
Analyzing Air Pollution
Another of the Robbat lab's research goals is to modify TEDS so that it can serve as a "real-time" chemical sensor that can be used for detection of airborne pollutants in, for example, a possible "sick" building.  Sick Building Syndrome may be caused by microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOC) released by mold.  However, no standardized sampling and analysis methods exist for fungi.  We hope to use a modified TEDS system to detect MVOCs in air and track VOC plumes in order to locate pollutant sources in buildings.  We should be able to collect and analyze air samples room-to-room and floor-by-floor in real time.  Success in tracking VOC plumes would lead to the detection of mold hidden in ductwork or behind dropped ceiling tiles, as well as the location of poorly containerized chemicals.
The Robbat lab aims to preserve and improve human and environmental heath by performing challenging analyses that others cannot, and in doing so, to discover compounds hidden in the air, underground, or in the substances we put into and on our bodies every day.

Quick Links for the Robbat Research Group:

Contact the Robbat Lab                                                      
Robbat Lab Publications
Workshop: Climate Change and Public Health in the Arctic
By Ekaterina Naumova
arcticThis spring, in collaboration with the Initiative for the Forecasting and Modeling of Infectious Disease (InForMID)and the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, TIE hosted an interdisciplinary workshop on the issues of climate change and public health in the Arctic. The aim of the two-day workshop, open to Tufts faculty, students, and local experts, was to bring together researchers from a wide range of disciplines to engage in discussions on the current and projected impacts of climate change on the environment and public health, responsible development, the economic importance of Alaskan natural resource reserves, and the need for effective networking and collaboration within the scientific community in order to address these issues.

Among the invited speakers was Dr. Melanie Fitzpatrick, a climate scientist and expert in global warming from the Union of Concerned Scientists, who spoke on the projected global impacts of climate changes based on thirty years of data. At the local level, Dr. Ellen Douglas of the Environmental and Ocean Sciences Department at the University of Massachusetts Boston discussed research relating climate change and increased heavy precipitation in New England.

Dr. Boris Revich and Dr. Elena Naumova
Russians talking
Speakers from Finland and Russia added international perspectives, as Dr. Boris Revich of the Laboratory of Environmental Health at the Institute of Forecasting in Moscow, Russia, discussed environmental and health impacts from a recent increase in heat waves across Russia and Siberia, disease outbreaks associated with migrating tick populations, and other topics. Dr. Jouni Jaakkola from the Department of Public Health at the University of Helsinki shared findings from ongoing research in sustainable housing in the Arctic.  

Representatives from InForMID at the Tufts School of Medicine presented their findings related to access to Medicare in the Alaskan elderly population. Dr. Gretchen Kaufman, director of the Tufts Center for Conservation Medicine, and Dr. Cheryl Rosa (V97), the deputy director of the US Arctic Research Commission, addressed the complex political and social challenges that climate change poses for Alaskan communities. Dr. Brian Roach, from the Global Development and Environmental Institute (GDAE) at Tufts, discussed the development of environmentally sustainable and socially equitable economic policies and highlighted the need for responsible economic development as a cohesive product of integrated research and environmental policy development.   

This workshop lay the groundwork for an international collaboration between TIE/InForMID at Tufts and Russian and Finnish researchers in the area of public health and infectious disease. We look forward to future opportunities to bring together interdisciplinary teams of experts to engage in discussions that promote research collaborations and international cooperation in the areas of public health, wildlife and environmental health, and responsible economic development in the Arctic region. 
TIE Alumni Weekend Open House and Buffet Brunch!

Saturday, May 22, 2010
10:00 am - 1:00 pm

Join us at Tufts Institute of the Environment (TIE) as we celebrate the end of the year with alumni, graduating students, and friends! This will be a great opportunity for environmental alumni to find out exciting things that are going on at Tufts and for environmentally-oriented graduates and scholars to hear about the exciting things Tufts alumni are doing post-graduation.

The open house and buffet-style brunch will be held on
10 am - 1 pm on Saturday, May 22, at Tufts Institute of the Environment in the rear garden level of Miller Hall, across the parking lot from The Granoff Family Hillel Center. The organic and local buffet will be held outside, weather permitting. We hope to see you there!

Click here to find other events during Alumni Weekend and Reunion!

TIE Intern Making Changes on Campus
TIE intern and UEPstudent Dallase Scott and Office of Sustainability Project Coordinator Tina Woolston have been in the news a great deal this year due to their Experimental College course, "Environmental Action: Shifting from Staying to Doing". Last semester, students in the class began a campaign to go  trayless Tufts dining halls. A pilot project this spring yielded impressive results: over the two-week trial period, energy use at Carmichael Dining Hall dropped by 11%, and food waste decreased by 30%. President Bacow recently announced that the shift to tray-free dining would become permanent beginning next fall. 

This semester, class participants focused on a reducing paper use on campus-in particular, by resetting public printers to default to double-sided printing, and by increasing the percentage of recycled-content paper purchased at Tufts.

Read more about the trayless campaign here, and the paper campaign hereand here!

As a result of her efforts with this class, Dallase received a Graduate Student Award for Outstanding Contributions to Undergraduate Education.  The award recognizes excellence as a teaching assistant or in other roles such as mentoring undergraduates in the Arts, Humanities, Natural Sciences, or Social Sciences. Congratulations, Dallase!

Tufts in the News

Tufts University named 'Business Leader for Energy Efficiency'
Business News
March 23, 2010

LEXINGTON, MA,  - "Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP) has announced that Tufts University will be recognized as a 'Commercial/Business Leader for Energy Efficiency' at the Northeast Energy Efficiency Summit in Boston, MA on March 31. Nominated by National Grid, the university is being honored for its continued efforts to advance energy efficiency which have resulted in annual energy savings of over six million kWh, and cost savings of over $600,000."

TELI Alumna Receives National Engineering Research Grant

Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering Luisa Chiesa, and alumna of TIE's TELI workshop, was recently awarded a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers from the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Energy. According to the Tufts Daily, "Chiesa received a five-year $750,000 grant for her research on superconducting materials for fusion energy, a potential alternative energy source."  
2010-2011 TIE Fellows Announced!

Immediate Detection of Mold and other Airborne Pollutants in Sick Buildings
Patrick Antle (School of Arts and Sciences)

Developing Climate Policy in the Face of Scientific Uncertainty: The Case of Black Carbon
Liz Carver (School of Arts and Sciences)

Environmental Indicators of Enteric Infections in a Rural Area and Urban Slum of Vellore, India
Stefan Collinet-Adler (School of Medicine)

Toward an Eco-Antiracist Literary Criticism: Environmental Justice, Urban Space, and 20th Century American Literature
Chiyo Crawford (School of Arts and Sciences)

Gender Differences in Gram-Negative Bacteria and Antibiotic Susceptibility Differences in Gram-Positive Bacteria in Herring Gulls (Larus Argentatus)
Andreas Elefthrion

Assessing the Short-Term Impact of School-Based Safe Water Points on Childhood Diarrheal Disease and School Attendance in Somali Region, Ethiopia
Gogi Grewal

A Comparative Study of Adaptation to Coastal Flooding and Sea Level Rise in La Ceiba, Honduras and Boston, Massachusetts
Laura Kuhl (The Fletcher School)
Environmental Behaviors of the Middle Class in Mumbai, India
Gabriel Lewenstein (Class of 2012, Majoring in International Relations with a concentration in Global Health, Nutrition and the Environment)

Competitiveness of Renewable Energies in Climate Change Policy: Explaining post-Kyoto Emission Reducation Targets of the EU, US and China
Tilmann Liebert (The Fletcher School)

Tackling Maritime Bunker Fuel Emissions: The Role of the IMO in International Climate Change Policy
Aaron Strong (The Fletcher School)

An Alternative Biofuel: LPG From Biomass Derived Organic Acids
Branko Zugic (School of Engineering)

Click here for information about TIE Fellowships.
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